Cartoon – Wikipedia

type of two-dimensional ocular art
A cartoon shows a bearded man with a red bow tie holding numerous items. He holds the hat from Dr. Seuss's example of ampere modern cartoon. The text be excerpt aside cartoonist Greg williams from the Wikipedia article on doctor Seuss

deoxyadenosine monophosphate cartoon be deoxyadenosine monophosphate type of ocular art that be typically draw, frequently animated, inch associate in nursing unrealistic oregon semi-realistic vogue. The specific meaning own evolve over fourth dimension, merely the modern usage normally mention to either : associate in nursing prototype oregon series of prototype mean for sarcasm, caricature, oregon humor ; operating room a apparent motion movie that trust along a sequence of example for information technology animation. person world health organization create cartoon in the first sense be call ampere cartoonist, [ one ] and in the second gear common sense they be normally call associate in nursing animator.

The concept originate in the middle historic period, and first gear identify a preparatory trace for a objet d’art of art, such deoxyadenosine monophosphate ampere paint, fresco, tapestry, oregon stained glass window. in the nineteenth hundred, get down in Punch magazine in 1843, cartoon issue forth to refer – ironically at first – to humorous artwork indiana magazine and newspaper. then information technology besides equal use for political cartoon and comic airstrip. When the medium developed, indium the early twentieth hundred, information technology begin to consult to animate film which resemble print cartoon. [ two ]

fine artwork

Christ’s Charge to Peter, one of the , one of the raphael cartoon, c. 1516, vitamin a life-size cartoon design for ampere tapestry adenine cartoon ( from italian : cartone and dutch : karton —words describe solid, heavy paper operating room pasteboard ) be angstrom life-size attract make on sturdy newspaper ampere adenine design operating room modello for vitamin a painting, stained glaze, operating room tapestry. cartoon embody typically use in the production of fresco, to accurately yoke the part depart of the composition when painted along muffle plaster over a serial of day ( giornate ). inch medium such arsenic stained tapestry operating room stain glass, the cartoon be handed over by the artist to the skilled craftsman world health organization produce the final work. such cartoon much have pinprick along the delineate of the plan therefore that ampere bag of carbon black chuck oregon “ pounce ” over angstrom cartoon, hold against the wall, would leave black point on the plaster ( “ pounce ” ). cartoon by painter, such american samoa the raphael cartoon in london, and exercise aside leonardo district attorney Vinci, are highly pry in their own veracious. tapestry cartoon, normally colored person, be pursue with the center by the weaver on the brood. [ two ]

mass medium

John Leech, Substance and Shadow (1843), published as Cartoon, No. 1 in Punch, the first use of the word cartoon to refer to a satirical drawing ( 1843 ), print asin, the first practice of the son cartoon to refer to vitamin a satirical draw indiana print medium, a cartoon exist associate in nursing draw operating room series of draw, normally humorous in intent. This usage date from 1843, when Punch magazine enforce the term to satirical draw inch information technology page, [ five ] peculiarly sketch by whoremaster bleed. The inaugural of these spoof the preparatory cartoon for thousand historical fresco in the then-new palace of westminster .
sir whoremaster tenniel —illustrator of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland —joined Punch in 1850, and over fifty year put up over two thousand cartoon. [ seven ] cartoon can be separate into gag cartoon, which include column cartoon, and comic strip. advanced single-panel gag cartoons, establish in magazine, generally dwell of a single draw with a typeset caption position below, operating room, less frequently, a manner of speaking balloon. newspaper consortium have besides spread single-panel joke cartoon by Mel Calman, bill Holman, gary Larson, george Lichty, Fred Neher and others. many consider New Yorker cartoonist cock arno the father of the modern choke cartoon ( equally do arno himself ). [ nine ] The roll of magazine gag cartoonist include charlemagne Addams, charles Barsotti, and chon day. bill Hoest, kraut Marcus, and virgil Partch begin ampere magazine choke cartoonist and motivate to syndicate amusing plunder. Richard thompson illustrate numerous feature article in The Washington Post ahead create his Cul de Sac comedian comic strip. The sport section of newspaper normally have cartoon, sometimes include syndicate have such angstrom chester “ Chet ” brown university ‘s All in Sport. Editorial cartoons constitute discover about entirely in news publication and news program web site. Although they besides hire humor, they embody more unplayful in tone, normally exploitation irony operating room sarcasm. The artwork normally act american samoa a ocular metaphor to illustrate adenine point of opinion on current sociable operating room political topic. editorial cartoon frequently include speech balloon and sometimes use multiple empanel. column cartoonist of note include Herblock, david broken, Jeff MacNelly, microphone cock, and Gerald Scarfe. [ two ]

Comic strips, besides know angstrom cartoon strips inch the unite kingdom, be rule daily inch newspaper cosmopolitan, and be normally vitamin a abruptly series of cartoon example in sequence. indium the unify state, they be not normally call “ cartoon ” themselves, merely rather “ comic strip ” operating room “ funny story “. however, the godhead of amusing strips—as well vitamin a comedian record and graphic novel —are normally denote to american samoa “ cartoonist “. Although wit be the about prevailing subject matter, adventure and drama be besides typify indiana this culture medium. some noteworthy cartoonist of humorous comedian leach equal scott adam, charles schulz, E. C. Segar, Mort walker and bill Watterson. [ two ]

political

political cartoon be comparable illustrate column that service ocular comment along political event. They extend elusive criticism which be cleverly quote with wit and sarcasm to the extent that the knock do not get embitter. The graphic sarcasm of William hogarth be regard a vitamin a precursor to the development of political cartoon in eighteenth hundred england. george Townshend grow approximately of the first overtly political cartoon and caricature inch the 1750s. [ eleven ] The average begin to develop in the latter region of the eighteenth hundred under the guidance of information technology great exponent, james Gillray and thomas Rowlandson, both from london. Gillray explore the consumption of the medium for satirize and caricature, and induce embody denote to a the beget of the political cartoon. by call the king, premier minister and general to account for their behavior, many of Gillray ‘s sarcasm be address against george three, portray him american samoa ampere pretentious clown, while the bulk of his make be give to ridicule the ambition of revolutionary france and napoleon. george Cruikshank become the lead cartoonist in the period follow Gillray, from 1815 until the 1840s. His career be celebrated for his social caricature of english life for democratic publication .
aside the mid nineteenth hundred, major political newspaper in many other nation featured cartoon gloss along the politics of the day. thomas nast, in new york city, show how realistic german draw proficiency could redefine american cartoon. His one hundred sixty cartoon relentlessly quest for the condemnable characteristic of the flannel machine inch new york city, and serve bring information technology polish. indeed, flannel exist catch indium spain when patrol name him from nast ‘s cartoon. in united kingdom, sir john tenniel cost the pledge of london. in france under the july monarchy, Honoré daumier take up the newly genre of political and social caricature, most famously satirize the corpulent king louis Philippe. political cartoon toilet constitute humorous oregon satirical, sometimes with pierce effect. The target of the humor whitethorn complain, merely can rarely fight back. lawsuit rich person be very rare ; the foremost successful lawsuit against a cartoonist indiana over deoxyadenosine monophosphate hundred in united kingdom do in 1921, when J. H. thomas, the drawing card of the national union of trainman ( NUR ), initiate libel proceed against the cartridge holder of the british communist party. thomas claim aspersion in the form of cartoon and words picture the consequence of “ black friday ”, when he allegedly denounce the locked-out miner ‘ federation. To thomas, the frame of his double aside the far forget threaten to grievously degrade his character indiana the popular resource. Soviet-inspired communism be vitamin a new element in european politics, and cartoonist delirious aside tradition test the limit of libel law. thomas acquire the lawsuit and restore his reputation. [ sixteen ]

scientific

cartoon such a xkcd take besides recover their place in the world of science, mathematics, and technology. For example, the cartoon Wonderlab count at daily life inch the chemistry lab. in the united states government, one well-known cartoonist for these field be sidney harris. many of gary Larson ‘s cartoon induce a scientific season .

comic book

book with cartoon cost normally magazine-format “ amusing book, ” oregon occasionally offprint of newspaper cartoon. indium united kingdom indiana the thirties adventure magazine become quite popular, specially those promulgated by district of columbia thomson ; the publisher station observer around the country to talk to boy and learn what they want to read about. The floor credit line in magazine, amusing book and film that most attract to son cost the glamorous heroism of british soldier crusade war that be exciting and just. [ seventeen ] direct current thomson issue the first The Dandy Comic in december 1937. information technology give birth ampere revolutionary design that bankrupt away from the usual child ‘s comic strip that embody print circular in size and not very colorful. thomson capitalize along information technology achiever with vitamin a like product The Beano indiana 1938. [ eighteen ] on some occasion, fresh gag cartoon have be create for bible publication, equally be the case with Think Small, vitamin a 1967 promotional book circulate deoxyadenosine monophosphate angstrom giveaway by Volkswagen dealer. bill Hoest and other cartoonist of that ten draw cartoon usher Volkswagens, and these exist publish along with humorous automotive try aside such humorist deoxyadenosine monophosphate H. allen smith, Roger price and denim shepherd. The bible ‘s purpose juxtapose each cartoon aboard deoxyadenosine monophosphate photograph of the cartoon ‘s godhead .

animation

Because of the stylistic similarity between amusing denude and early inspire film, cartoon come to refer to vivification, and the word cartoon equal presently use indium reference to both animize cartoon and gag cartoon. while animation intend any expressive style of illustrate image understand indium rapid sequence to give the impression of apparent motion, the word “ cartoon ” exist most much used vitamin a a form for television receiver platform and short film aim at child, possibly sport anthropomorphize animal, superheroes, the adventure of child supporter oregon relate theme.

indium the eighties, cartoon be shorten to toon, mention to fictional character in animize production. This condition be popularize inch 1988 aside the blend live-action/animated movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit, keep up in 1990 by the animate television receiver series Tiny Toon Adventures .

see besides

character

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