Tallahassee, Florida – Wikipedia

Capital city of Florida, United States

State capital city in Florida, United States
Tallahassee ( TAL-ə-HASS-ee ) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Florida. It is the county seat and only incorporate municipality in Leon County. Tallahassee became the capital of Florida, then the Florida Territory, in 1824. In 2020, the population was 196,169, [ 4 ] making it the 8th-largest city in the U.S state of matter of Florida, and the 126th-largest city in the United States. [ 5 ] The population of the Tallahassee metropolitan area was 385,145 as of 2018. Tallahassee is the largest city in the Florida Big Bend and Florida Panhandle region, and the main center for craft and department of agriculture in the Florida Big Bend and Southwest Georgia regions.

With a student population exceeding 70,000, Tallahassee is a college township, home to Florida State University, ranked the state ‘s 19th-best populace university by U.S. News & World Report; [ 6 ] Florida A & M University, ranked the state ‘s best populace historically total darkness university by U.S. News & World Report ; [ 7 ] and Tallahassee Community College, a bombastic state college that serves chiefly as a bird feeder school to Florida State and Florida A & M. [ 8 ] As the capital, Tallahassee is the web site of the Florida State Capitol, Supreme Court of Florida, Florida Governor ‘s Mansion, and about 30 state means headquarter. The city is besides known for its big issue of law firms, lobbying organizations, barter associations and professional associations, including the Florida Bar and the Florida Chamber of Commerce. [ 9 ] It is a acknowledge regional kernel for scientific research, and home to the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. In 2015, Tallahassee was awarded the All-American City Award by the National Civic League for the second prison term .

history [edit ]

autochthonal peoples occupied this area for thousands of years before european meet. Around 1200 CE, the boastfully and complex mississippian culture had built earthwork mounds near Lake Jackson which survive today ; they are preserved in the Lake Jackson Archaeological State Park. [ 10 ] The spanish Empire established their first colonial village at St. Augustine. During the seventeenth hundred they established respective missions in Apalachee territory to procure food and tug to support their settlement, adenine well as to convert the natives to Roman Catholicism. The largest, Mission San Luis de Apalachee in Tallahassee, has been partially reconstructed by the state of Florida. The expedition of Pánfilo de Narváez encountered the Apalachee people, although it did not reach the site of Tallahassee. Hernando de Soto and his mid-16th century excursion occupied the Apalachee town of Anhaica ( at what is immediately Tallahassee ) in the winter of 1538–1539. Based on archaeological excavations, this Anhaica site is now known to have been about 0.5 miles ( 800 molarity ) east of the portray Florida State Capitol. The De Soto campsite is believed to be the first place Christmas was celebrated in the continental United States although there is no diachronic software documentation to back this claim. [ 11 ] The identify Tallahassee is a muskhogean speech news often translated as “ old fields ” or “ old town ”. [ 12 ] It was probably an expression of the Creek people who migrated from Georgia and Alabama to this region in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, under pressure from European-American invasion on their territory. They found large areas of net land previously occupied by the Apalachee tribe. ( The Creek and former refugees who joined them developed as the Seminole Indians of Florida. The Talimali Band of Apalachee Indians in Louisiana identify as contemporary descendants of the Apalachee Indians. ) During the First Seminole War, General Andrew Jackson fought two divide skirmishes in and around Tallahassee, which was then spanish territory. The beginning struggle took locate on November 12, 1817. After Chief Neamathla, of the greenwich village of Fowltown precisely west of contemporary Tallahassee, refused Jackson ‘s orders to relocate, Jackson entered the village, burnt it to the establish, and drove off its occupants. The Indians retaliated, killing 50 soldiers and civilians. Jackson reentered Florida in March 1818. According to Jackson ‘s adjutant bird, Colonel Robert Butler, they “ advanced on the indian village called Tallahasse ( sic ) [ where ] two of the enemy were made prisoner. ” [ 13 ]

State capital [edit ]

Florida became an american territory in September 1821, in accord with the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819. The foremost school term of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida met on July 22, 1822, at Pensacola, the early capital of West Florida. Members from St. Augustine, the former capital of East Florida, traveled 59 days by body of water to attend. The irregular school term was in St. Augustine, and western delegates needed 28 days to travel perilously around the peninsula to reach St. Augustine. During this school term, delegates decided to hold future meetings at a halfway point. Two appointed commissioners selected Tallahassee, at that point an Apalachee village ( Anhaica ) virtually abandoned after Andrew Jackson burned it in 1818, as a halfway steer. In 1824 the third legislative school term met there in a crude log building serving as the capitol. [ 14 ] From 1821 through 1845, during Florida ‘s territorial period, the rough-hew frontier das kapital gradually developed as a township. The Marquis de Lafayette, french hero of the american Revolution, returned to the United States in 1824 for a tour. The U.S. Congress voted to give him $ 200,000 ( the lapp total he had given the colonies in 1778 ), US citizenship, and the Lafayette Land Grant, 36 feather miles ( 93 km2 ) of land that nowadays includes big portions of Tallahassee. In 1845 a greek revival masonry structure was erected as the Capitol build in time for statehood. now known as the “ old Capitol ”, it stands in front of the high-rise Capitol building built in the 1970s. [ 15 ] Tallahassee was in the heart of Florida ‘s Cotton Belt —Leon County led the state of matter in cotton production—and was the center of the slave barter in Florida. [ 16 ] During the American Civil War, Tallahassee was the merely Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi River not captured by Union forces, and the only one not burned. A little engagement, the Battle of Natural Bridge, was fought south of the city on March 6, 1865, just a calendar month before the war ended .
During the nineteenth hundred, the institutions that would develop into what is now Florida State University were established in Tallahassee ; it became a university town. These included the Tallahassee Female Academy ( establish 1843 ) and the Florida Institute ( establish 1854 ). In 1851, the Florida legislature decreed two seminaries to be built on either side of the Suwannee River, East Florida Seminary and West Florida Seminary. In 1855 West Florida Seminary was transferred to the Florida Institute build ( which had been established as an incentive for the submit to place the seminary in Tallahassee ). In 1858, the seminary absorbed the Tallahassee Female Academy and became co-ed. [ 17 ] Its main construction was near the northwest corner of South Copeland and West Jefferson streets, approximately where FSU ‘s Westcott Building is nowadays .
tallahassee in 1885 In 1887, the Normal College for Colored Students, the ancestor of today ‘s FAMU, opened its doors. The legislature decided Tallahassee was the best localization in Florida for a college serving african-american students ; the country had segregated schools. Four years later its mention was changed to State Normal and Industrial College for Colored Students, to teach teachers for elementary school children and students in industrial skills. After the Civil War much of Florida ‘s industry moved to the south and east, a drift that continues today. The end of slavery and the rise of spare tug reduced the profitableness of the cotton and tobacco trade, at a prison term when global markets were besides changing. The state of matter ‘s major industries shifted to citrus, lumber, naval stores, cattle ranching, and tourism. The latter was increasingly important by the deep nineteenth century. In the post-Civil War period, many early plantations in the Tallahassee area were purchased by affluent northerners for habit as winter hunting preserves. This included the hunting conserve of Henry L. Beadel, who bequeathed his land for the cogitation of the effects of fire on wildlife habitat. Today the preserve is known as the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy, nationally recognized for its research into fire ecology and the use of positive sunburn .
Until World War II, Tallahassee remained a modest southerly township with virtually the entire population living within one mile ( 1.6 kilometer ) of the Capitol. [ citation needed ] The main economic drivers were the colleges and state politics, where politicians met to discuss spending money on grand piano populace improvement projects to accommodate growth in places such as Miami and Tampa Bay, hundreds of miles away from the capital. Tallahassee was besides active in protest during the civil rights era. The Tallahassee bus boycott was a citywide boycott in Tallahassee, Florida that sought to end racial segregation in the employment and seating arrangements of city buses. On May 26, 1956, Wilhelmina Jakes and Carrie Patterson, two Florida A & M University students, were arrested by the Tallahassee Police Department for “ placing themselves in a placement to incite a orgy ”. Robert Saunders ] ], representing the NAACP, and Rev. C. K. Steele began talks with city authorities while the local African-American community started boycotting the city ‘s buses. The Inter-Civic Council ended the boycott on December 22, 1956. On January 7, 1957, the City Commission repealed the bus-franchise segregation article because of the United States Supreme Court ruling Browder v. Gayle ( 1956 ). In the 1960s there was a movement to transfer the capital to Orlando, closer to the state ‘s growing population centers. That movement was defeated ; the 1970s saw a long-run commitment by the country to the capital city, with the construction of the newly capitol complex and preservation of the old Florida State Capitol build. In 1970, the Census Bureau reported the city ‘s population as 74.0 % white and 25.4 % black. [ 18 ] In 1971, the city elected James R. Ford to the 5-member City Commission, and he became the city ‘s first african-american mayor in 1972 ( commissioners rotated into the put serving a annual terminus ). Bobby Bowden became the head coach of Florida State Seminoles football in 1976, and turned Tallahassee into a city dominated by college football, Bowden became identical successful very cursorily at Florida State. By his second class, Bowden had to deny many rumors that he would leave for another job ; the team went 9–2, compared to the four wins total in the three seasons before Bowden. During 34 years as head coach he had only one losing season–his beginning, in 1976. In 1977 the 22-story high-rise Capitol build, designed by architect Edward Durell Stone, was completed. It is nowadays ( 2021 ) the third-tallest state capitol building in the United States. In 1978 the Old Capitol, directly in battlefront of the new capitol, was scheduled for destruction, but state officials decided to keep the Old Capitol as a museum. [ 19 ] In 1986, Jack McLean served as mayor, the second base african-american to hold the position. [ 20 ] Tallahassee was the center of earth attention for six weeks during the 2000 United States Presidential election recount, which involved numerous rulings by the Florida Secretary of State and the Florida Supreme Court. In 2016, the city suffered a target hit by Hurricane Hermine, causing about 80 % of the city proper to lose office, including Florida State University, and knocking down many trees. [ 21 ] In 2018, the city suffered another natural calamity when Hurricane Michael hit the panhandle .

geography [edit ]

A view of both the historic and the current Florida State Capitols Call/Collins House at The Grove. Territorial Governor Richard Keith Call built this antebellum plantation house c. 1840. Historic Grove Plantation, known officially as theTerritorial Governor Richard Keith Call built this antebellum grove house c. 1840. [ 22 ] Tallahassee has an area of 98.2 square miles ( 254.3 km2 ), of which 95.7 square miles ( 247.9 km2 ) is farming and 2.5 square miles ( 6.5 km2 ) ( 2.59 % ) is water system. Tallahassee ‘s terrain is cragged by Florida standards, being at the southerly end of the Red Hills Region, just above the Cody Scarp. The elevation varies from near sea level to just over 200 feet ( 61 m ), with the state of matter capitol on one of the highest hills in the city. The city includes two big lake basins, Lake Jackson and Lake Lafayette, and borders the northern end of the Apalachicola National Forest. The vegetation and fauna are similar to those found in the mid-south and depleted state regions of South Carolina and Georgia. The handle trees are the more cold-hardy varieties like the state tree, the Sabal palmetto. Pines, magnolias, hickories, and a variety show of oaks are the dominant trees. The southerly Live Oak is possibly the most emblematic of the city .

nearby cities and suburbs [edit ]

cityscape [edit ]

A bird’s-eye opinion of Downtown Tallahassee

Neighborhoods [edit ]

Tallahassee has many neighborhoods inside the city limits. Some of the most know and defined include All Saints, Apalachee Ridge, Betton Hills, Buck Lake, Callen, Frenchtown ( the oldest historically black vicinity in the express ), Killearn Estates, Killearn Lakes Plantation, Lafayette Park, Levy Park, Los Robles, Midtown, Holly Hills, Jake Gaither/University Park, amerind Head Acres, Myers Park, Smokey Hollow, SouthWood, Seminole Manor and Woodland Drives. Tallahassee is besides home to some gate communities, including Golden Eagle, Ox Bottom, Lafayette Oaks and The Preserve at San Luis ; the Tallahassee Ranch Club is to the southeast of the city .

Tallest buildings [edit ]

Rank Name Street Address Height feet Height meters Floors Year
1 Florida State Capitol 400 South Monroe Street, 345 101 25 1977[23]
2 Turlington Building 325 West Gaines Street, 318 97 19 1990
3 Plaza Tower 300 South Duval Street 276 84 24 2008
4 Highpoint Center 100 South Adams St 239 70 15 1990
5 DoubleTree Hotel 101 South Adams St, 220 67 17 1972

Urban planning and expansion [edit ]

Downtown Tallahassee at night The first plan for the Capitol Center was the 1947 Taylor Plan, which consolidated respective politics buildings in one downtown area. In 1974, the Capitol Center Planning Commission for the City of Tallahassee, Florida responded to growth of its urban center with a conceptual plan for the expansion of its Capitol Center. Hisham Ashkouri, working for The Architects ‘ Collaborative, led the urban plan and design campaign. Estimating growth and related growth for approximately the following 25 years, the program projected the indigence for 2.3 million square feet ( 214,000 m2 ) of modern government facilities in the city effect, with 3,500 dwelling units, 100 acres ( 40 hour angle ) of newfangled public exposed space, retail and private office space, and other accessory spaces. Community engagement was an integral part of the design revue, welcoming Tallahassee residents to provide input signal a well as citizens ‘ groups and government agencies, resulting in the creation of six distinguish design alternatives. [ citation needed ]

Sprawl and compact increase [edit ]

The Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Department implements policies aimed at promoting compact growth and development, including the establishment and care of an Urban Service Area. The purpose of the Urban Service Area is to “ have Tallahassee and Leon County grow in a responsible manner, with infrastructure provided economically and efficiently, and surrounding forest and agrarian lands protected from undue and previous conversion to urban land use. ” [ 24 ] The result of compact growth policies has been a meaning overall reduction in the Sprawl Index for Tallahassee between 2000 and 2010. [ 25 ] CityLab reported on this find, stating “ Tallahassee laps the discipline, at least a far as the Sprawl Index is concerned. ” [ 26 ]

climate [edit ]

Tallahassee
Climate chart (explanation)
j farad megabyte A megabyte j j A sulfur oxygen normality five hundred

4.5

64

38

4.5

68

41

5.1

74

46

3.8

81

53

3.3

88

62

8.1

92

70

7.1

93

73

7.7

92

72

5.3

90

69

3.2

83

57

3

73

46

4.3

66

41

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: NOAA[27]
Metric conversion
joule fluorine megabyte A megabyte j j A second o normality d

114

18

3

114

20

5

130

23

8

97

27

12

84

31

17

206

33

21

180

34

23

196

33

22

135

32

21

81

28

14

76

23

8

109

19

5

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Tallahassee experiences four seasons. Shown here are the fall leaves along the sidewalks of Monroe Street in Downtown Tallahassee. Tallahassee has a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cfa ), with farseeing, tropical summers and short, mild winters, equally well as warm to hot, dry springs and fall. Tallahassee falls in USDA boldness zones 8b ( 15 °F to 20 °F ) Summer maximum here are hotter than in the Florida peninsula and it is one of the few cities in the state to occasionally record temperatures above 100 °F or 37.8 °C ; the majority of years in the 1991-2020 climate normals have recorded at least 1 day with temperatures that high, with a median occurrence of 16 years out of 30. [ 27 ] The record high of 105 °F ( 41 °C ) was set on June 15, 2011. [ 28 ] Summer is characterized by abbreviated intense showers and thunderstorms that form along the good afternoon ocean breeze from the Gulf of Mexico. The daily mean temperature in July, the hottest calendar month, is 82.5 °F ( 28.1 °C ). conversely, the winter is markedly cool, with a January daily average temperature of 52.2 °F ( 11.2 °C ). [ 27 ] There is an average of 27 nights with a minimum at or below freeze, and on average, the window for freezing temperatures is from November 22 thru March 16, allowing a growing season of 250 days. [ 27 ] With the data from the 1991-2020 normals, Tallahassee is in USDA partition 9a by a small margin, the coldest temperature of the year normally being about 20.2 °F ( −6.6 °C ). temperature readings below 15 °F ( −9 °C ) are very rare, having concluding occurred on January 11, 2010. [ 27 ] During the Great Blizzard of 1899 the city reached −2 °F ( −19 °C ) on February 13, which remains Florida ‘s merely recorded subzero read. At the time, Tallahassee ‘s read broken was colder than the record low in Tromsø, Norway. The record cold day by day maximum is 22 °F ( −6 °C ), set on the lapp day as the all-time record low. More recently, a 28 °F ( −2 °C ) daily utmost was recorded in 1985. [ 27 ] Conversely, the criminal record strong daily minimum is 81 °F ( 27 °C ) on July 15, 1980. [ 27 ] however, the city itself is well warmer than the airport where the National Weather Service records its data from, even though the National Weather Service does not record data from it. This is ascribable to an urban heat island, which creates an average disparity of 5.8 °F ( 3.2 °C ) and is specially pronounced during winter. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] [ 31 ] Snow and ice are rare in Tallahassee, not occurring during most winters. historically, at least flurries are recorded every three to four years, but measurable snow of 0.1 inches ( 0.3 curium ) or more has lone happened once in the 1991-2020 time period. The closest localization that receives regular annually snowfalls is Macon, Georgia, 200 miles ( 320 kilometer ) north of Tallahassee. Nonetheless, Tallahassee has recorded a few accumulate snowfalls over the last 100 years ; the heaviest snow was 2.8 inches ( 7 centimeter ) on February 13, 1958. [ 32 ] Tallahassee ‘s other recorded measurable snowfalls were 1.0 column inch ( 2.5 centimeter ) on February 12–13, 1899, and December 22–23, 1989 ; 0.4 inches ( 1.0 centimeter ) on March 28, 1955, and February 10, 1973 ; 0.2 inches ( 0.5 centimeter ) on February 2, 1951 ; and 0.1 inches ( 0.3 centimeter ) on January 3, 2018. [ 32 ] [ 33 ] [ 34 ] Although several hurricanes have brushed Tallahassee with their outer rain and wind bands, in recent years only Hurricane Kate, in 1985, and Hurricane Hermine, in 2016, have struck Tallahassee directly. Hurricane Michael passed 50 miles to the west after making landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida in October 2018 as a Category 5 storm, resulting in 95 % of Leon County being without world power. The Big Bend sphere of North Florida sees several tornadoes each year during the season, but they are generally weak, cause little geomorphologic damage, and rarely hit the city. On April 19, 2015, a crack touched depressed in Tallahassee. The crack was rated EF1, and created a path a wide as 350 yards ( 320 megabyte ) for about 5 miles ( 8 kilometer ) near Maclay Gardens. [ 35 ] Damage included numerous downed tree limbs and a car crushed by a falling tree. During extremely heavy rains, some low-lying parts of Tallahassee may flood, notably the Franklin Boulevard area adjacent to the downtown and the Killearn Lakes branch, outside the Tallahassee city limits, on the north english. The most holocene crack to hit Tallahassee occurred on January 27, 2021. It was rated as EF0 tornado. The crack caused damage to the city and the Tallahassee International Airport. [ 36 ]

Climate data for Tallahassee International Airport, Florida (1991–2020 normals,[37] extremes 1892–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
89
(32)
91
(33)
95
(35)
102
(39)
105
(41)
104
(40)
103
(39)
102
(39)
97
(36)
89
(32)
84
(29)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 78.4
(25.8)
80.4
(26.9)
86.0
(30.0)
89.7
(32.1)
95.5
(35.3)
98.1
(36.7)
98.8
(37.1)
97.9
(36.6)
95.6
(35.3)
90.8
(32.7)
84.5
(29.2)
79.3
(26.3)
99.8
(37.7)
Average high °F (°C) 63.7
(17.6)
67.8
(19.9)
74.2
(23.4)
80.7
(27.1)
88.2
(31.2)
92.1
(33.4)
93.2
(34.0)
92.3
(33.5)
90.4
(32.4)
83.0
(28.3)
72.8
(22.7)
66.1
(18.9)
80.4
(26.9)
Average low °F (°C) 38.3
(3.5)
40.9
(4.9)
45.8
(7.7)
52.5
(11.4)
61.5
(16.4)
70.3
(21.3)
72.6
(22.6)
72.1
(22.3)
68.7
(20.4)
57.4
(14.1)
46.3
(7.9)
40.9
(4.9)
55.6
(13.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 22.1
(−5.5)
24.5
(−4.2)
29.1
(−1.6)
37.3
(2.9)
48.4
(9.1)
63.0
(17.2)
68.1
(20.1)
66.5
(19.2)
56.8
(13.8)
39.6
(4.2)
29.5
(−1.4)
25.1
(−3.8)
20.2
(−6.6)
Record low °F (°C) 6
(−14)
−2
(−19)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
46
(8)
57
(14)
57
(14)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
13
(−11)
10
(−12)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.51
(115)
4.45
(113)
5.11
(130)
3.77
(96)
3.28
(83)
8.11
(206)
7.07
(180)
7.65
(194)
5.28
(134)
3.24
(82)
3.03
(77)
4.32
(110)
59.82
(1,520)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.01 in ) 8.9 8.1 8.0 6.7 7.5 14.3 16.4 14.8 9.0 5.9 6.3 8.3 114.2
Source: NOAA[27][38][39]
Climate data for Tallahassee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily daylight hours 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 12.1
Average Ultraviolet index 4 6 8 10 10 11 11 10 9 7 5 4 7.9
Source: Weather Atlas [40]

Demographics [edit ]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,616
1860 1,932
1870 2,023 4.7%
1880 2,494 23.3%
1890 2,934 17.6%
1900 2,981 1.6%
1910 5,018 68.3%
1920 5,637 12.3%
1930 10,700 89.8%
1940 16,240 51.8%
1950 27,237 67.7%
1960 48,174 76.9%
1970 72,624 50.8%
1980 81,548 12.3%
1990 124,773 53.0%
2000 150,624 20.7%
2010 181,376 20.4%
2020 196,169 8.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[41]
2010[42] 2020[43]

2020 census [edit ]

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census [edit ]

As of the 2010 census, the population of Tallahassee was 181,376. There were 75,949 households, 16.7 % of which had children under 18 living in them. 27.7 % were married couples living together ( based on 2010 datum ), 14.4 % had a female homeowner with no husband, and 53.7 % were non-families. 34.1 % of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 6.7 % had person living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average family size was 2.23 and the modal family size was 2.33. Children under the old age of 5 were 4.9 % of the population, persons under 18 were 16.7 % and persons 65 years or older were 10.3 %. The median old age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. 56.2 % of the population was White, 35.0 % Black, 4.6 % asian, 0.2 % american Indian and Alaska Native, 0.0 % native Hawaiian and early Pacific Islander, 1.3 % some other rush, and 2.9 % two or more races. 6.3 % were Hispanic or Latino of any rush, and 51.1 % were non-Hispanic White. For 2009–2013, the estimated medial family income was $ 39,524, and the per capita income was $ 23,778. The percentage of persons below the poverty level was estimated at 30.2 %. [ 44 ] educationally, the population of Leon County is the most highly educated population in Florida [ 45 ] with 54.4 % of the residents over the age of 25 with a Bachelor ‘s, Master ‘s, professional or doctor’s degree degree. [ 46 ] The Florida average is 37.4 % [ 45 ] and the national average is 33.4 %. [ 47 ]

Languages [edit ]

As of 2000, 92.0 % of residents spoke English as their foremost speech, while 4.1 % spoke Spanish, 0.6 % spoke French, and 0.6 % speak German as their mother tongue. In total, 8.0 % of the total population spoke languages other than English. [ 48 ]

law, politics and politics [edit ]

Politics [edit ]

Tallahassee has traditionally been a democratic city, but the party has been supported by unlike cultural groups over time, with a major shift in the late twentieth century. Leon County has voted Democratic in 24 of the past 29 presidential elections since 1904. But until the late 1960s, most african Americans were disenfranchised from the political system, dating from a modern fundamental law and early laws passed by Democrats in Florida ( and in all other Southern states ) at the turn of the hundred. At that meter, most african Americans were affiliated with the Republican Party, and their disenfranchisement resulted in that party being non-competitive in the region for decades. subsequently, these demographic groups traded party alignments. Since enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and enforcement of constituent rights for african Americans, voters in Tallahassee have elected black mayors and black country representatives. [ 49 ] : 97 It has become a city in the Southern U.S. that is known for progressive activism. [ citation needed ] This is likely due to the big student population that attends Florida State University, Florida A & M University, and Tallahassee Community College. In addition, in the realignment of party politics since the belated twentieth hundred, most of the african-american population in the city immediately support Democratic Party candidates. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] As of December 2, 2018, there were 112,572 Democrats, 58,083 Republicans, and 44,007 voters who were independent or had other affiliations among the 214,662 voters in Leon County. [ 52 ] Leon County ‘s voter output share has systematically ranked among the highest of Florida ‘s 67 counties, with a record-setting 86 % outfit in the November 2008 general election. The county voted for Barack Obama in the presidential election. [ 53 ]

structure of city government [edit ]

Tallahassee has a form of government with an elect mayor of Tallahassee, elected commissioners, and an at-will employed city director, city departments, and staff. The current city commissioners are : [ 54 ]

  • Seat 1 – Jacqueline “Jack” Porter
  • Seat 2 – Curtis Richardson
  • Seat 3 – Jeremy Matlow
  • Seat 4 (Mayor) – John Dailey
  • Seat 5 – Dianne Williams-Cox

list of intendants/mayors of Tallahassee, Florida

  • 1826 Dr. Charles Haire
  • 1827 David Ochiltree
  • 1828–1829 John Y. Gary
  • 1830 Leslie A. Thompson
  • 1831 Charles Austin
  • 1832–1833 Leslie A. Thompson
  • 1834 Robert J. Hackley
  • 1835 William Wilson
  • 1836 John Rea
  • 1837 William P. Gorman
  • 1838 William Hilliard
  • 1839 R. F. Ker
  • 1840 Leslie A. Thompson
  • 1841–1844 Francis W. Eppes
  • 1845 James A. Berthelot
  • 1846 Simon Towle
  • 1847 James Kirksey
  • 1848 F. H. Flagg
  • 1849 Thomas J. Perkins
  • 1850–1851 D. P. Hogue
  • 1852 David S. Walker
  • 1853 Richard Hayward
  • 1854–1855 Thomas Hayward
  • 1856–1857 Francis W. Eppes
  • 1858–1860 D. P. Hogue
  • 1861–1865 P. T. Pearce
  • 1866 Francis W. Eppes
  • 1867–1868 D. P. Hogue
  • 1869–1870 T. P. Tatum
  • 1871 C. E. Dyke
  • 1872–1874 C. H. Edwards
  • 1875 David S. Walker, Jr.
  • 1876 Samuel Walker
  • 1877 Jesse Bernard
  • 1878–1879 David S. Walker, Jr.
  • 1880 Henry Bernreuter
  • 1881 Edward Lewis
  • 1882 John W. Nash
  • 1883 Edward Lewis
  • 1884–1885 Charles C. Pearce
  • 1886 George W. Walker
  • 1887 A. J. Fish
  • 1888–1889 R. B. Forman
  • 1890–1894 R. B. Carpenter
  • 1895–1896 Jesse T. Bernard
  • 1897 R. A. Shine
  • 1898–1902 R. B. Gorman
  • 1903–1904 William L. Moor
  • 1905 John W. Henderson
  • 1906 F. C. Gilmore
  • 1907 W. M. McIntosh, Jr.
  • 1908 F. C. Gilmore
  • 1909 Francis B. Winthrop
  • 1910–1917 D. M. Lowry
  • 1918 J. R. McDaniel
  • 1919–1921 Guyte P. McCord
  • 1922–1923 A. P. McCaskill
  • 1924–1925 B. A. Meginniss
  • 1926 W. Theo Proctor
  • 1927 B.A. Meginniss
  • 1928–1929 W. Theo Proctor
  • 1930 G. E. Lewis
  • 1931 Frank D. Moor
  • 1932–1933 W. L. Marshall
  • 1934 J. L. Fain
  • 1935 Leonard A. Wesson
  • 1936 H. J. Yaeger
  • 1937 L. A. Wesson
  • 1938 J. R. Jinks
  • 1939 S. A. Wahnish
  • 1940 F. C. Moor
  • 1941 Charles S. Ausley
  • 1942 Jack W. Simmons
  • 1943 A. R. Richardson
  • 1944 Charles S. Ausley
  • 1945 Ralph E. Proctor
  • 1946 Fred S. Winterle
  • 1947 George I. Martin
  • 1948 Fred N. Lowry
  • 1949–1950 Robert C. Parker
  • 1951 W. H. Cates
  • 1952 B. A. Ragsdale
  • 1953 William T. Mayo
  • 1954 H. G. Esterwood
  • 1954 H. C. Summitt
  • 1955–1956 J. T. Williams
  • 1956 Fred S. Winterle
  • 1956–1957 John Y. Humphress
  • 1957 J. W. Cordell
  • 1958 Davis H. Atkinson
  • 1959 Hugh E. Williams, Jr.
  • 1960 George S. Taft
  • 1961 J. W. Cordell
  • 1962 Davis H. Atkinson
  • 1963 S. E. Teague, Jr.
  • 1964 Hugh E. Williams, Jr.
  • 1965 George S. Taft
  • 1966 W. H. Cates
  • 1967 John A. Rudd, Sr.
  • 1968 Gene Berkowitz
  • 1969 Spurgeon Camp
  • 1970 Lee A. Everhart
  • 1971 Gene Berkowitz
  • 1972 James R. Ford
  • 1973 Joan Heggen
  • 1974–1975 John R. Jones
  • 1976 James R. Ford
  • 1977–1978 Neal D. Sapp
  • 1979 Sheldon A. Hilaman
  • 1980–1981 Hurley W. Rudd
  • 1982 James R. Ford
  • 1983 Carol Bellamy
  • 1984 Kent Spriggs
  • 1985 Hurley W. Rudd
  • 1986 Jack McClean
  • 1987–1988 Betty Harley
  • 1988–1990 Dorothy Inman
  • 1990 Steve Meisberg
  • 1991–1992 Debbie Lightsey
  • 1993–1994 Dorothy Inman-Crews
  • 1994–1995 Penny Herman
  • 1995–1996 Scott Maddox
  • 1996–1997 Ron Weaver
  • 1997–2003 Scott Maddox[55]
  • 2003–2014 John Marks
  • 2014–2018 Andrew Gillum
  • 2018–present John Dailey

[ 56 ] [ 57 ]

federal representation and offices [edit ]

Tallahassee City Hall Tallahassee is split between Florida ‘s second congressional district and Florida ‘s fifth congressional district. The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Tallahassee. The Tallahassee Main Post Office is at 2800 South Adams Street. [ 58 ] other mail offices in the city limits include Centerville Station, [ 59 ] Leon Station, [ 60 ] Park Avenue Station, [ 61 ] and Westside Station. [ 62 ] The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration maintains a National Weather Service in Tallahassee. Their coverage-warning area includes the eastern Florida Panhandle and adjacent Gulf of Mexico waters, the north-central Florida peninsula, and parts of southeast Alabama and southwestern Georgia. The United States Army Reserve 81st Regional Support Command ( USAR ) opened an Army Reserve Center at 4307 Jackson Bluff Road. The Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Center ( NMCRC ) is at 2910 Roberts Avenue host the United States Navy Reserve Navy Operational Support Center Tallahassee ( NOSC Tallahassee ) and the United States Marine Corps Reserve 2nd Platoon, Company E, Anti-Terrorism Battalion and 3rd platoon, Company E, Anti-Terrorism Battalion .

consolidation [edit ]

The Leon County Courthouse Voters of Leon County have gone to the polls four times to vote on consolidation of Tallahassee and Leon County governments into one jurisdiction combining police and other city services with already shared ( consolidated ) Tallahassee Fire Department and Leon County Emergency Medical Services. Tallahassee ‘s city limits would increase from 103.1 square miles ( 267 km2 ) to 702 square miles ( 1,820 km2 ). Roughly 36 percentage of Leon County ‘s 265,714 residents be outside the Tallahassee city limits. Each time, the measure was rejected : [ 63 ]

Leon County Voting On Consolidation
Year FOR AGAINST
1971 10,381 (41.32%) 14,740 (58.68%)
1973 11,056 (46.23%) 12,859 (53.77%)
1976 20,336 (45.01%) 24,855 (54.99%)
1992 37,062 (39.8%) 56,070 (60.2%)

The proponents of consolidation have stated the new jurisdiction would attract occupation by its size. Merging governments would cut government lay waste to, duplication of services, etc. however, Professor Richard Feiock of the Department of Public Administration of Korea University and the Askew School of Public Administration and Policy of Florida State University states that no discernible relationship exists between consolidation and the local economy. [ 64 ]

flag [edit ]

The former flag of Tallahassee was vaguely like to the flag of Florida, a white st on a blue field, with the city ‘s coat of arms, featuring the cupola of the erstwhile capitol build, at the center. The ease up is an court to the scottish and Ulster-Scots presbyterian heritage of the original founders of the city, most of whom were settlers from North Carolina whose ancestors had either come to America directly from Scotland, or were Presbyterians of scottish descent from County Down and County Antrim in what has since become Northern Ireland. [ 65 ] The current ease up incorporates a conventionalized 5-point ace and the city name on a white background. [ 66 ]

education [edit ]

Primary and secondary coil [edit ]

Lower educate students at Maclay School celebrating Grandparents Day in 2008 Tallahassee anchors the Leon County School District. As of the 2009 school year Leon County Schools had an estimated 32,796 students, 2209 teachers and 2100 administrative and subscribe personnel. The overseer of schools is rocky Hanna. Leon County public school registration continues to grow steadily ( up approximately 1 % per year since the 1990–91 school year ). The dropout pace for grades 9–12 improved to 2.2 % in the 2007–2008 school class, the third base clock time in the past four years the dropout rate has been below 3 %. To gauge operation the State of Florida rates all populace schools according to student accomplishment on the state-sponsored Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test ( FCAT ). seventy-nine percentage of Leon County Public Schools received an A or B grad in the 2008–2009 school class. The overall zone mark assigned to the Leon County Schools is “ A ”. Students in the Leon County School District continued to score favorably in comparison to Florida and national averages in the SAT and ACT student appraisal tests. The Leon County School District has systematically scored at or above the average for districts statewide in sum ACT and SAT mean composite scores .

Leon County high schools
Public schools belonging to universities
Charter schools
  • Governor’s Charter Academy (GCA) (K–8) – Established in August 2012.[67]
  • School of Arts and Sciences (SAS) (K–8) – Established in 1999[68]
  • Tallahassee School of Math and Science (TSMS) (K–8)[69] – It was previously known as Stars Middle School and only served middle school. In 2014 it received a new charter, adopted its current name, and expanded to elementary grades.[70]
Private schools

Higher education [edit ]

Florida State University [edit ]

Florida State University ( normally referred to as Florida State or FSU ) is an american english public space-grant and sea-grant inquiry university. Florida State is on a 1,391.54-acre ( 5.631 km2 ) campus in the state capital of Tallahassee, Florida, United States. It is a aged member of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1851, it is on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] The university is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. [ 75 ] The university comprises 16 disjoined colleges and more than 110 centers, facilities, labs and institutes that offer more than 360 programs of study, including master school programs. [ 76 ] The university has an annual budget of over $ 1.7 billion. [ 77 ] Florida State is home to Florida ‘s lone National Laboratory – the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and is the birthplace of the commercially feasible anti-cancer drug Taxol. Florida State University besides operates The John & Mable Ringling Museum of Art, the State Art Museum of Florida and one of the nation ‘s largest museum/university complex. [ 78 ] The university is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools ( SACS ). Florida State University is home to nationally rate programs in many academic areas, including law, business, technology, music, social policy, film, music, dramaturgy, dance, ocular art, political science, psychology, social study, and the sciences. [ 79 ] Florida State University leads Florida in four of eight areas of external support for the STEM disciplines ( Science, Technology, Engineering and Math ). [ 80 ] For 2022, U.S. News & World Report ranked Florida State as the 19th best populace university in the United States and 55th among top national universities. [ 6 ] Florida Governor Rick Scott and the state legislature designated Florida State University as one of two “ leading ” country universities in the spring of 2013 among the twelve universities of the State University System of Florida. [ 81 ] [ 82 ] [ 83 ] FSU ‘s intercollegiate sports teams, normally known by their Florida State Seminoles dub, compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA ) Division I and the Atlantic Coast Conference ( ACC ). The Florida State Seminoles athletics broadcast are favorites of passionate students, fans and alumni across the United States, particularly when led by the Marching Chiefs of the Florida State University College of Music. In their 113-year history, Florida State ‘s varsity sports teams have won 20 national athletic championships and Seminole athletes have won 78 individual NCAA national championships. [ 84 ]

Florida A & M University [edit ]

Founded on October 3, 1887, Florida A & M University ( normally referred to as FAMU ) is a public, historically black university and land-grant university that is part of the State University System of Florida and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. FAMU ‘s main campus comprises 156 buildings spread over 422 acres ( 1.7 km2 ) on lead of the highest geographic hill of Tallahassee. The university besides has several satellite campuses, including a web site in Orlando where its College of Law is located and sites in Miami, Jacksonville and Tampa for its drugstore platform. Florida A & M University offers 54 knight bachelor ‘s degrees and 29 master ‘s degrees. The university has 12 schools and colleges and one institute. FAMU has 11 doctoral programs which include 10 ph programs : chemical engineering, civil technology, electric technology, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, biomedical engineer, physics, pharmaceutical sciences, educational leadership, and environmental sciences. top undergraduate programs are architecture, journalism, calculator information sciences, and psychology. FAMU ‘s top graduate programs include pharmaceutical sciences along with public health, physical therapy, engineer, physics, master ‘s of applied social sciences ( particularly history and public government ), commercial enterprise and sociology .

Tallahassee Community College [edit ]

Tallahassee Community College ( TCC ) is a member of the Florida College System. Tallahassee Community College is accredited by the Florida Department of Education and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Its primary campus is on a 270-acre ( 1.092 km2 ) campus in Tallahassee. The institution was founded in 1966 by the Florida Legislature. [ 86 ] TCC offers Bachelor ‘s of Science, Associate of Arts, Associate of Science, and Associate of Applied Sciences degrees. In 2013, Tallahassee Community College was listed 1st in the state in graduating students with A.A. degrees. [ 87 ] TCC is besides the No. 1 transplant school in the state to Florida State University and Florida A & M University. As of drop 2015, TCC reported 38,017 students. [ 88 ] In partnership with Florida State University, and Florida A & M University Tallahassee Community College offers the TCC2FSU, and TCC2FAMU platform. This course of study provides undertake admission into Florida State University and Florida A & M University for TCC Associate in Arts degree graduates. [ 89 ] [ 90 ]

list of other colleges [edit ]

economy [edit ]

The old clock at the corner of Park Avenue and Monroe Street in Downtown Tallahassee Companies based in Tallahassee include : Citizens Property Insurance Corporation, the Municipal Code Corporation, the State Board of Administration of Florida ( SBA ), the Mainline Information Systems, [ 91 ] and United Solutions Company. [ 92 ]

acme employers [edit ]

According to Tallahassee ‘s 2021 Annual Comprehensive Financial Report, [ 93 ] the acme employers in the city are :

Arts and culture [edit ]

Railroad Square is a popular position for students and residents of Tallahassee, specially on the first Friday of every calendar month when all the galleries are open to the public .

entertainment and perform arts [edit ]

Tallahassee is home to many entertainment venues, theaters, museums, parks and performing arts centers. A major source of entertainment and art is the Railroad Square Art Park. The Railroad Square Art Park is an arts, polish and entertainment zone of Tallahassee, Florida, away Railroad Avenue, filled with a variety show of alloy art sculptures and stores selling artwork and collectibles. Railroad Square is chiefly known for its small locally owned shops and working artist studios, and its option art scene. On the first Friday of every month, Railroad Square is home to a rid veranda hop known as first Friday from 6pm-9pm, where a diverse group of upwards of 5000-7000+ Tallahasseeans of all ages come to meet their friends and feel artwork .

Museums [edit ]

Tallahassee is known for its many museums. It is home to the Museum of Fine Arts at Florida State University, Tallahassee Museum, Goodward Museum & Gardens, Museum of Florida History, Mission San Luis de Apalachee, Tallahassee Automobile Museum, Old Capitol Museum, Knott House Museum, and The Grove .

Festivals and events [edit ]

FSU Marching Chiefs and Cheerleaders performing in a parade in Downtown Tallahassee

City accolades [edit ]

The Tallahassee Asian Festival

Sports [edit ]

FSU ‘s Doak Campbell Stadium

Florida State Seminoles [edit ]

Tallahassee is home to one of the most competitive collegiate athletics programs in the state, the Florida State Seminoles of Florida State University. The Seminoles compete in the Atlantic Coast Conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The university funds 20 varsity teams, consisting of 9 male and 11 female. They have jointly won 19 team national championships, and over 100 team conference championships, angstrom well as numerous individual home and league titles. The program has placed in the top-10 final standings of the Director ‘s Cup four times since 2008–2009, including No. 4 for the 2009–2010 season and No. 4 for the 2011–2012 season. In 2016–2017, the program generated the thirteenth-most tax income in collegiate athletics with $ 144,514,413 of sum tax income. [ 96 ] College football crippled weekends bring in a significant come of tourism to Leon County. FSU home games had a entire attendance of 575,478 people with an average of 82,211 attendees per game in 2014. [ 97 ] During football season, out-of-town attendees brought $ 48.8 million in send spend during the six home games. In 2016, Florida State football home games resulted in $ 95.5 million of economic affect on Leon County. [ 98 ]

early [edit ]

Tallahassee is home to Tallahassee SC, a soccer club that was founded in 2018 and plays in the National Premier Soccer League. Some former sports clubs in Tallahassee include the Tallahassee Tiger Sharks, Tallahassee Scorpions, Tallahassee Thunder, Tallahassee Titans, and the Tallahassee Tigers .

Media [edit ]

television [edit ]

WFSU Building

  • WCTV (CBS) channel 6.1 (MeTV) channel 6.2 (Circle) channel 6.3 (ION) channel 6.4 (Justice) channel 6.5 (MyTV) channel 6.6 (This TV) channel 6.7
  • WFSU (PBS) channel 11.1 (Florida Channel) channel 11.2 (Create) channel 11.3 (Kids 360) channel 11.4
  • WTLF (CW) channel 24.1 (Comet) channel 24.2 (TBD) channel 24.3 (Dabl) channel 24.4
  • WTLH (H&I) channel 49.1 (CW) channel 49.2 (Comet) channel 49.3
  • WTWC (NBC) channel 40.1 (Fox) channel 40.2 (Charge) channel 40.3
  • WTXL (ABC) channel 27.1 (Bounce) channel 27.2 (Grit) channel 27.3 (Escape) channel 27.4 (CourtTV) channel 27.5 (Newsy) channel 27.6 (HSN) channel 27.7
  • WNXG-LD (WCTV simulcast channels 6.1 – 6.6 ATSC 3.0)
  • WVUP (CTN) channel 45.1 (LifeStyle) channel 45.2
  • WTFL-LD (MyNetwork TV) channel 15.1 (Decades) channel 15.2 (Start TV) channel 15.3 (Telemundo) channel 15.4

radio [edit ]

  • WANM, Soul/R&B music
  • WAYT-FM, contemporary Christian music
  • WBZE-FM, adult contemporary music
  • WDXD-LP, classic country music
  • WFLA-FM, news/talk
  • WFSQ-FM, classical music
  • WFSU-FM, news/talk
  • WGLF-FM, classic rock music
  • WGMY-FM, Top 40 music
  • WHTF-FM, Top 40 music
  • WTLY, adult contemporary music
  • WTNT-FM, country music
  • WVFS-FM, college/alternative music
  • WVFT, news/talk
  • WWLD, hip-hop music
  • WWOF-FM, country music
  • WXSR-FM, rock music

Public safety [edit ]

A Tallahassee Police Department patrol cable car A Leon County EMS vehicle Established in 1826, the Tallahassee Police Department once claimed to be the oldest police department in the Southern United States, and the second-oldest in the U.S., preceded only by the Philadelphia Police Department ( established in 1758 ). The Boston Police Department was established in 1838 and larger East Coast cities followed with New York City and Baltimore in 1845. however, this is testify incorrect. Pensacola, Florida, for case, had a municipal police push vitamin a early as 1821. [ 103 ] There are over 800 swear law enforcement officers in Tallahassee. Law enforcement services are provided by the Tallahassee Police Department, the Leon County Sheriff ‘s Office, the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, Florida Capitol Police, Florida State University Police Department, Florida A & M University Police Department, the Tallahassee Community College Police Department, the Florida Highway Patrol, and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. The Tallahassee Growth Management Building Inspection Division is creditworthy for issuing permits and performing inspections of public and private buildings in the city limits. These duties include the enforcement of the Florida Building Codes and the Florida Fire Protection Codes. These standards are confront to protect life sentence and property. The Tallahassee Building Department is one of 13 Accredited Building Departments in the United States. [ 104 ] The Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Marshals Service, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, [ 105 ] Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Secret Service and Drug Enforcement Administration have offices in Tallahassee. The United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida is based in Tallahassee. fire and rescue services are provided by the Tallahassee Fire Department and Leon County Emergency Medical Services. Hospitals in the area include Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, Capital Regional Medical Center and HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Tallahassee .

Places of interest [edit ]

Maclay Gardens Reflection Pool

transportation [edit ]

Tallahassee International Airport seen here as Tallahassee Regional Airport A StarMetro fomite Interstate 10 at Capital Circle Northeast

aviation [edit ]

Defunct airports [edit ]

Mass passage [edit ]

  • StarMetro provides bus service throughout the city.

Intercity bus [edit ]

  • Greyhound and Megabus based in downtown Tallahassee.

Railroads [edit ]

  • Freight service is provided by the Florida Gulf & Atlantic Railroad, which acquired most of the CSX main line from Pensacola to Jacksonville on June 1, 2019. FG&A also purchased the CSX branch from Tallahassee to Attapulgus, Georgia, connecting with the CSX Montgomery-Savannah main line at Bainbridge, Georgia. FG&A’s headquarters office is in Tallahassee.[107]

Defunct railroads and passenger trains [edit ]

major highways [edit ]

Tallahassee groups and organizations [edit ]

Namesakes [edit ]

sister cities [edit ]

Tallahassee has 6 baby cities as follows : [ 114 ]

drift [edit ]

noteworthy people [edit ]

This is a tilt of noteworthy people from Tallahassee, in alphabetic ordering by survive list :

state associations based in Tallahassee [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

far learn [edit ]

  • Eisenberg, Daniel (1986). “In Tallahassee” ( PDF ). Journal of Hispanic Philology. Vol. 10, no. 2. pp. 97–101. Archived from the original ( PDF ) on October 6, 2014.
  • Hare, Julianne. Tallahassee: a capital city history. Arcadia Publishing. 2002
  • Tebeau, Charlton, W. A History of Florida. University of Miami Press. Coral Gables. 1971
  • Williams, John Lee. Journal of an Expedition to the Interior of West Florida October–November 1823. Manuscript on file at the State Library of Florida, Florida Collection. Tallahassee.
reference : https://oanhthai.com
Category : Tutorial

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai.