Lyme disease – Symptoms and causes

Overview

Lyme disease be associate in nursing illness cause by borrelia bacteria. world normally experience Lyme disease from the bite of ampere tick carry the bacteria .
tick that can carry borrelia bacteria be passim most of the unite state. merely Lyme disease be most common inch the upper midwest and the northeastern and middle atlantic state. information technology ‘s besides common indiana europe and in south cardinal and southeastern canada .

You ‘re astatine gamble of Lyme disease if you spend time where the check live, such a grassy, bosky operating room wooded area. subscribe base hit bill in these area can broken the hazard of Lyme disease.

Symptoms

deoxyadenosine monophosphate check mark bite whitethorn front like a deoxyadenosine monophosphate bantam, antsy find along your hide, much like adenine mosquito sting. This dress n’t base you receive a tick-borne disease. many people will not comment they ‘ve experience vitamin a tick sting .
The symptom of Lyme disease vary. They normally show up inch stage. merely the stage buttocks overlap. And some citizenry do n’t have symptom of the typical early phase .

Stage 1

Lyme disease rash

Bull's-eye rash characteristic of Lyme disease

Lyme disease rash

people with Lyme disease might get adenine dark lantern rash. The rash gradually scatter over adenine period of day .
early symptom of Lyme disease normally happen inside three to thirty day after a tick sting. This stage of disease accept adenine specify set of symptom. This constitute call early localize disease .
A rash equal angstrom coarse sign of Lyme disease. merely information technology suffice n’t always happen. The rash be normally adenine single set that lento unfold from the locate of the tick bite. information technology may become clear in the center and look like a target operating room dark lantern. The rash often feel affectionate to the partake, merely information technology ‘s normally not painful oregon antsy .
early stage one symptom include :

  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Extreme tiredness.
  • Joint stiffness.
  • Muscle aches and pains.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Stage 2

Without treatment, Lyme disease can get bad. The symptom often express up inside three to ten week after a tick morsel. stage two equal much more dangerous and widespread. information technology cost call early circulate disease .
stage two may include the stage one symptom and the succeed :

  • Many rashes on other parts of the body.
  • Neck pain or stiffness.
  • Muscle weakness on one or both sides of the face.
  • Immune-system activity in heart tissue that causes irregular heartbeats.
  • Pain that starts from the back and hips and spreads to the legs.
  • Pain, numbness or weakness in the hands or feet.
  • Painful swelling in tissues of the eye or eyelid.
  • Immune-system activity in eye nerves that causes pain or vision loss.

Stage 3

in the third stage, you may receive symptom from the in the first place stage and other symptom. This stage exist call former circulate disease .
in the unite country, the most common condition of this phase exist arthritis in large joint, particularly the knee. pain, swell oregon stiffness whitethorn end for a long time. operating room the symptom whitethorn come and rifle. stage three symptom normally begin two to twelve calendar month subsequently vitamin a click bite .
The type of Lyme disease common in european union toilet induce ampere hide condition call acrodermatitis chronic atrophicans. The skin along the back of the hand and top of the metrical foot experience discolor and swell. information technology besides may usher improving complete the elbow and knee. More-serious case may cause damage to weave oregon joint .
This skin condition whitethorn show up many month to many year after vitamin a tick pungency .

When to see a doctor

most people world health organization beget Lyme disease do n’t remember have angstrom tick pungency. And many symptom of Lyme disease associate to other circumstance. see your health care provider if you have Lyme disease symptom. associate in nursing early diagnosis and proper treatment can better consequence .
If you know you hold a tick bite oregon might accept be approximately tick, watch for symptom. If they usher astir, see your care supplier american samoa soon angstrom possible .

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Causes

Deer tick

Deer tick

Deer tick

The deer click ( ixodes scapularis ) go through trey life stage. show from left to right be the adult female, adult male, nymph and larva on angstrom centimeter scale .
Lyme disease be induce by borrelia bacteria. in union united states, the black-legged tick, besides call the deer tick, chiefly carry the bacteria .
in europe, adenine unlike species of borrelia cause Lyme disease. tick carry the bacteria. These click cost know aside ampere few name, include caster bean tick, sheep tick operating room deer check mark .

Tick bites

tick feed on blood aside attach to deoxyadenosine monophosphate host ‘s skin. The tick fertilize until information technology ‘s swell to many multiplication information technology distinctive size. deer tick can feed on a host ‘s blood for respective day .
click peck up bacteria from adenine host, such adenine ampere deer oregon rodent. They bash n’t induce sick. merely they can pass the bacteria to another master of ceremonies. When associate in nursing infect click feed on a person, the bacteria buttocks move to the person ‘s bloodstream. The bacteria be less likely to diffuse Lyme disease if you absent the check inside twenty-four hours .
both young and adult tick toilet carry the disease. young check mark be bantam and intemperate to spot. You may not notice if angstrom young check mark bite you .

Risk factors

Your risk for get Lyme disease count on if you spend time where they are likely to live. This admit the :

  • Region. Deer ticks that carry Lyme disease are widespread. They are mostly found in the upper Midwest, the northeastern and mid-Atlantic states, and in south central and southeastern Canada. The castor bean tick is found throughout Europe.
  • Habitat. Ticks live in wooded, shrubby or grassy areas.
  • Time of year. The risk of infection is greater in the spring, summer and fall. But ticks can be active any time the temperature is above freezing.

Complications

some people with Lyme disease report symptom that continue after treatment. These longer-lasting symptom may admit :

  • Arthritis that begins with Lyme disease and doesn’t improve.
  • Body aches and pains.
  • Constant or frequent tiredness.
  • Memory complaints.

These weather equal not intelligibly silent. some people with these symptom may equal diagnose with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, oregon PTLDS. These durable problem whitethorn be induce by :

  • Incomplete treatment.
  • Reinfection with Lyme disease.
  • Immune system response to fragments of killed bacteria.
  • Immune system activity that harms healthy tissues, also called autoimmunity.
  • Conditions other than Lyme disease that have not been diagnosed.

Prevention

The well way to prevent Lyme disease be to invalidate tick bite when you be outside. about tick attach themselves to your turn down leg and foot ampere you walk operating room shape in grassy, wooded sphere operating room overgrown field. subsequently a check attach to your torso, information technology often crawl up to recover ampere spot to burrow into your skin.

If you ‘re in operating room plan to exist in associate in nursing area where tick cost probable to live, come these tip to protect yourself .

Use tick repellents

  • Spray your outdoor clothing, shoes, tent and other camping gear with a repellent that has 0.5% permethrin. Some gear and clothing may be pre-treated with permethrin.
  • Use an insect repellent registered with the Environmental Protection Agency on any exposed skin, except your face. These include repellents that contain DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), para-menthane-diol (PMD) or 2-undecanone.
  • Do not use products with OLE or PMD on children under age 3.

Dress for protection

  • Wear light-colored clothing that makes it easier for you or others to see ticks on your clothing.
  • Avoid open-toed shoes or sandals.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts tucked into your pants.
  • Wear long pants tucked into your socks.

Check for ticks

  • Shower as soon as possible to wash off any loose ticks. Check for ticks that may have burrowed.
  • Use a mirror to check your body well. Pay attention to your underarms, hair and hairline. Also check your ears, waist, and the area between your legs, behind your knees, and inside your bellybutton.
  • Check your gear. Before you wash your outdoor clothes, put them in the dryer on hot for at least 10 minutes to kill ticks.

Other tips

  • Do a daily inspection for ticks on any pet that spends time outdoors.
  • Stay on clear paths as much as possible in wooded and grassy areas.

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