Subaru BRAT – Wikipedia

Motor fomite
1978 Subaru Brumby ( Australia )

Subaru BRAT / Brumby / MV Pickup [edit ]

The Subaru BRAT an acronym for “ B i-drive R ecreational A ll-terrain T ransporter ”, was a light-duty, four-wheel drive [ 1 ] coupé utility, [ 2 ] interpretation of the Subaru Leone originally introduced in 1977. The BRAT was developed directly from the company ‘s four-wheel drive post wagon model and was first introduced as a 1978 model – following the concept of coupe utilities such as the Chevrolet El Camino and the Ford Ranchero. The BRAT is besides known as a Brumby, MV Pickup or Shifter depending on where it was sold. The vehicle was sold from 1978 until 1994 .

First Generation [edit ]

Developed in Japan in 1977 at the request of the President of Subaru of America, the BRAT was introduced to match the demand for small trucks in North America, in order to compete against early manufacturers, such as Toyota, Nissan, and Mazda. Unlike trucks from other manufacturers, all BRATs had four-wheel drive, as they were developed from the existing Leone station big dipper. [ 2 ] When the Leone was redesigned in 1979 for the 1980 model class, the BRAT continued with the original Gen I body until 1982. [ 1 ]

Subaru BRAT rear jump seats

Jump Seats [edit ]

Although the BRAT could fairly be called a hand truck, the plastic seats in the cargo sleep together allowed Subaru to classify the BRAT as a passenger car. north american and canadian BRAT models featured carpet, in accession to a welded-in, rear-facing startle seats in the cargo area. The seats were a tariff-avoidance ploy, [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] serving actually to circumvent a tariff known as the Chicken tax, [ 6 ] as the credit card seats in the cargo sleep together allowed Subaru to classify the BRAT as a passenger car, rather than as a light hand truck. This significantly reduced the costs of importing BRATS to North America, as passenger cars were charged a 2.5 % significance tariff, while light trucks were charged a substantially higher 25 % consequence tariff. They were discontinued after the 1986 model year .

technical [edit ]

All BRAT ‘s had four-wheel drive and the Subaru EA engine. early models received the 1.6 liter EA-71, whereas 1981 and later models received a 1.8 liter EA-81 engine. The 1983 and 1984 models could be purchased with an optional 94 horsepower ( 70 kilowatt ) turbocharged engine. manual transmissions were standard on all models, and an automatic pistol transmission was available on turbocharged BRAT ‘s. The 1980 and earlier models had a single-range remove encase, while 1981 and by and by GL models had a dual-range transfer shell ( DL ‘s calm had single range ), and all turbocharged models were equipped with a 3 accelerate automatic transmittance with a single-range, push-button, four-wheel drive .

Second Generation [edit ]

Motor fomite
Subaru BRAT Targa Top The BRAT was restyled in 1981 and the jump seats were discontinued after the 1985 model year. The BRAT was reintroduce with a advance in popularity of modest trucks being sold in the United States, chiefly from Toyota, Nissan, and Mazda. Production continued into 1994 but ceased to be imported to North America in 1987. It was besides known as the Brumby in Australia and New Zealand and the MV Pickup / Shifter in the UK. Imports to Europe, Australia ( from 1978 ), and New Zealand continued until February 1994. The BRAT was not sold in Japan and was manufactured for export markets .

Features [edit ]

early 80 ‘s saw the presentation of a second base Gen Targa-Top adaptation. It besides had early features, such as : ; a spring-loaded hidden doorway, for a side footfall into the cargo bed ; and a plain run down mounted under the hood. In Australia there were specialization features : Ag-quip / packages with graphics, Roo bar, sump guard & rear step bar. Wagon wheels were besides optional .

manufacture [edit ]

It was an export-only model, never being formally sold in Japan. Due to this, the BRAT became a popular grey import fomite in Japan. There were several locations that manufactured the vehicle :
Subaru never considered marketing the BRAT in their home market, due to a truncate demand of cartridge trucks that had been occurring since the former 1970s. The declining demand came as a result of japanese customers shifting to station wagons at that time.

In 1987, exports to North America ceased, but exports to Europe, Australia, Latin America, and New Zealand continued until 1994 .

celebrated owners [edit ]

President Ronald Reagan owned a 1978 BRAT until 1998, which he kept at his ranch near Santa Barbara, California. The vehicle has since been restored and returned to the ranch, which is now owned by the Young America ‘s Foundation. [ 7 ]

Motorsport [edit ]

There have been respective private enterprises that have used the BRAT / Brumby / MV Pickup in Motorsport events :

  • 2014 – Settlement Creek – Brumby desert racer.
  • 2018 – Freddie Flintoff chose a 1985 BRAT during an electric vehicle challenge on Top Gear series 27. Unlike the other vehicles, Flintoff kept the petrol engine in situ, as well as installing a Tesla power-plant.
  • 2020 – 1988 Drag Brumby – Fastest EJ powered vehicle.

Appearances in Media [edit ]

Along with its most celebrated owner, here are some instances of the BRAT used in Film / TV & other media :
There are besides media appearances of the Brumby in adds / television in Australia / NZ :

  • Brumby Seen in River Cottage,[14]

future Concepts [edit ]

There were no third gear coevals BRAT / Brumby / MV pickup as the crop was discontinued after 1987. There was however a concept for a Subaru Suiren and late Subaru released a similar vehicle called the Baja .

References [edit ]

source :
Category : Tutorial

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai.