The Rocky Horror Picture Show – Wikipedia

1975 film by Jim Sharman

The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical comedy horror film by twentieth Century Fox, produced by Lou Adler and Michael White and directed by Jim Sharman. The screenplay was written by Sharman and actor Richard O’Brien, who is besides a member of the cast. The film is based on the 1973 musical phase production The Rocky Horror Show, with music, book, and lyrics by O’Brien. The production is a tribute to the science fabrication and repugnance B movies of the 1930s through to the early 1960s. Along with O’Brien, the movie stars Tim Curry, Susan Sarandon, and Barry Bostwick and is narrated by Charles Gray, with cast members from the original Royal Court Theatre, Roxy Theatre, and Belasco Theatre productions, including Nell Campbell and Patricia Quinn. The narrative centres on a youthful engaged copulate whose car breaks down in the rain near a castle, where they seek a telephone to call for assistant. The castle or nation base is occupied by strangers in elaborate costumes celebrating an annual convention. They discover the drumhead of the theater is Dr. Frank N. Furter, an obviously brainsick scientist who actually is an estrange transvestic from the planet Transsexual in the galaxy of Transylvania, who creates a live muscleman valet named Rocky in his lab.

The film was shot in the United Kingdom at Bray Studios and on placement at an old nation estate named Oakley Court, best known for its earlier manipulation by Hammer Film Productions. A number of props and fit pieces were reused from the Hammer horror films. Although the film is both a parody of and tribute to many kitsch science fiction and horror films, costume graphic designer Sue Blane conducted no research for her designs. Blane has claimed that her creations for the film immediately affected the growth of punk rock rock fashion trends, such as tear fishnet stockings and colourfully dye hair. [ 6 ] initial reception was extremely negative, but it soon became a hit as a midnight movie, when audiences began participating with the film at the Waverly Theater in New York City in 1976. consultation members returned to the cinema frequently and talked back to the screen and began dressing as the characters, spawning like performance groups across the United States. At about the lapp clock time, fans in costume at the King ‘s Court Theater in Pittsburgh began performing alongside the film. This “ shadow cast ” mimed the actions on sieve above and behind them, while lip-synch their character ‘s lines. hush in limited release in 2022, some 47 years after its premier, it is the longest-running theatrical performance release in movie history. In many cities, hot amateurish shadow-casts act out the film as it is being shown and heavily draw upon a custom of audience participation. [ 7 ] The film is most often shown close to Halloween. today, the film has a large international cult following and has been considered by many as one of the greatest musical films of all prison term. In 2005, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “ culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. ”

diagram [edit ]

The movie begins with a pair of floating disembodied lips welcoming the audience to a science fiction bivalent feature of speech. Throughout the film, a criminologist from an unspecified point in the future narrates and provides comment on the events. Following the wedding of their friends, a naïve young copulate, Brad Majors and Janet Weiss, get engaged and decide to celebrate with their senior high school school skill teacher Dr. Scott, who taught the class where they first gear met. En path to Scott ‘s firm on a dark and showery night, they get lost with a flat bore. Seeking a telephone to call for avail, the couple walks to a nearby castle where a party is going on. They are accepted in by the queerly preen inhabitants, led by the butler Riff Raff, the maid Magenta, and a groupie named Columbia, who dance to “ The Time Warp ”. Despite feeling apprehensive, they stay to meet the owner of the palace, Dr. Frank-N-Furter. He invites them to stay for the night. With the help oneself of Riff Raff, Frank brings to life sentence a grandiloquent, muscular, fine-looking blond man named Rocky. As Frank vows he can improve Rocky into an ideal man in a week, a manner of speaking boy named Eddie ( half of whose brain Frank had used in the universe of Rocky ) breaks out of a deep freeze riding a motorbike. Frank kills Eddie with a pick, justifying it as a “ mercy killing “. Rocky and Frank sidetrack for the bridal suite. Brad and Janet are shown to separate bedrooms, where each is visited and seduced by Frank. meanwhile, Riff Raff and his sister Magenta torment Rocky. Janet, disturbance and aroused, sees Brad smoking a cigarette in bed with Frank on a video recording monitor. She then discovers Rocky, cowering in his birth tank. While tending to his wounds, Janet seduces Rocky as Magenta and Columbia watch from their bedroom monitor. Dr. Scott, now an research worker of UFOs for the government, arrives at the castle in search of his nephew Eddie, unaware of Brad and Janet ‘s presence. Everyone discovers Janet and Rocky together, enraging Frank. At this point, Magenta summons everyone to an uncomfortable dinner, which they soon recognize has been prepared from Eddie ‘s mutilate remains. Columbia, Eddie ’ sulfur lover, flees from the room in tears. Janet runs screaming into Rocky ‘s arms, provoking Frank to chase her through the halls to the lab. Frank uses his Medusa Transducer to turn Dr. Scott, Brad, Janet, Rocky and Columbia into nude statues. After dressing them in cabaret costumes, Frank “ dissolve ” them, and they perform a be cabaret floor testify, complete with an RKO tower and a liquid pool, with Frank as the drawing card. flick Raff and Magenta interrupt the performance to declare mutiny ; they disapprove of Frank ‘s extreme life style and are ready to return to Transylvania. Frank makes an ardent plea to return with them, but Riff Raff kills him, deoxyadenosine monophosphate good as Columbia and Rocky. Riff Raff warns Brad, Janet and Dr. Scott to leave immediately ; the castle lifts off into space. The injure survivors are then left crawl in the smog and scandal and the criminologist concludes that the homo race is equivalent to insects crawling on the satellite ‘s coat : “ lost in clock time, and lost in space … and meaning ” .

cast [edit ]

production [edit ]

Concept and exploitation [edit ]

The Rocky Horror Picture Show. All were in the original stage show. Little Nell, Patricia Quinn, Tim Curry, and Richard O’Brien in. All were in the original stage show. Richard O’Brien was living as an unemployed actor in London during the early 1970s. He wrote most of The Rocky Horror Show during one winter just to occupy himself. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Since his youth, O’Brien had loved skill fabrication and B horror movies. He wanted to combine elements of the unintentional liquid body substance of B horror movies, grandiloquent dialogue of schlock-horror, Steve Reeves muscleman flicks, and fifties rock and roll into his musical. [ 10 ] O’Brien conceived and wrote the act set against the backdrop of the glam era that had manifested itself in British popular culture in the 1970s. [ 11 ] Allowing his concept to come into being, O’Brien states “ glam rock allowed me to be myself more ”. [ 12 ] o’brien showed a dowry of the bare script to Australian film director Jim Sharman, who decided to direct it at the small experimental distance Upstairs at the Royal Court Theatre in Sloane Square, Chelsea, London, which was used as a project distance for new shape. [ 8 ] O’Brien had appeared concisely in a phase production of Andrew Lloyd Webber ‘s Jesus Christ Superstar, directed by Sharman, and the two besides worked together in Sam Shepard ‘s The Unseen Hand. Sharman would bring in production architect Brian Thomson. [ 13 ] The original creative team was then rounded out by costume architect Sue Blane, musical film director Richard Hartley, and degree producer Michael White, who was brought in to produce. As the musical went into rehearsal, the working deed, They Came from Denton High, was changed barely ahead previews at the suggestion of Sharman to The Rocky Horror Show. [ 8 ] [ 14 ] Having premiered in the small 60-seat Royal Court Theatre, it promptly moved to larger venues in London, transferring to the 230-seat Chelsea Classic Cinema on King ‘s Road on 14 August 1973, before finding a quasi-permanent home plate at the 500-seat King ‘s Road Theatre from 3 November that year, running for six years. [ 15 ] The melodious made its U.S. debut in Los Angeles in 1974 before playing in New York City ampere well as other cities. [ 13 ] Producer and Ode Records owner Lou Adler attended the London product in the winter of 1973, escorted by ally Britt Ekland. He immediately decided to purchase the U.S. theatrical rights. His production would be staged at his Roxy Theatre in L.A. [ 16 ] In 1975, The Rocky Horror Show premiered on Broadway at the 1,000-seat Belasco Theatre. [ 17 ]

Filming and locations [edit ]

Oakley Court determine in the fabricated town of Denton, the film was shot at Bray Studios and Oakley Court, a area sign of the zodiac near Maidenhead, Berkshire, England, and at Elstree Studios [ 18 ] for post-production, [ 19 ] from 21 October to 19 December 1974. Oakley Court, built in 1857 in the victorian Gothic style, is known for a number of Hammer films. [ 20 ] [ 21 ] much of the location shooting took place there, although at the time the manor was not in good condition. [ 22 ] Most of the hurl were from the original London stagecoach production, including Tim Curry, who had decided that Dr Frank N. Furter should speak like the Queen of the United Kingdom, abundantly posh. [ 12 ] Fox insisted on casting the two characters of Brad and Janet with american actors, Barry Bostwick and Susan Sarandon. [ 13 ] Filming took place during fall, which made conditions worse. During film, Sarandon fell ill with pneumonia. [ 10 ] Filming of the lab picture and the entitle character ‘s creation occurred on 30 October 1974. [ 23 ] The film is both a parody and tribute to many of the skill fiction and horror movies from the 1930s up to the 1970s. [ 8 ] The film production retains many aspects from the stage version, such as output design and music, but adds newly scenes not featured in the original degree play. [ 13 ] The film ‘s plot, set, and vogue echo those of the Hammer horror films, which had their own immediately recognizable stylus ( equitable as Universal Studios ‘ horror films did ). [ 24 ] The originally proposed open sequence was to contain clips of assorted films mentioned in the lyrics, a well as the first base few sequences shot in black and white, but this was deemed besides expensive and scrapped. [ 13 ]

Costumes, makeup, and props [edit ]

In the phase productions, actors broadly did their own makeup ; however, for the film, the producers chose Pierre La Roche, who had previously been a makeup artist for Mick Jagger and David Bowie, to redesign the constitution for each character. [ 25 ] Production stills were taken by rock photographer Mick Rock, who has published a number of books from his exercise. [ 26 ] In Rocky Horror: From Concept to Cult, couturier Sue Blane discusses the Rocky Horror costumes ‘ charm on hood music stylus, opining “ [ It was a ] boastful function of the build-up [ to punk ]. ” She states that ripped fishnet stockings, glitter, and coloured hair were immediately attributable to Rocky Horror. [ 8 ]
A replica costume based on the film ‘s gold sequined swallow-tail coating worn by Little Nell, recreated by fan Mina Credeur of Houston, Texas. Some of the costumes from the film had been originally used in the stage production. Props and set pieces were reused from old Hammer Horror productions and others. The tank and dummy used for Rocky ‘s birth in the first place appeared in The Revenge of Frankenstein ( 1958 ). These references to earlier productions, in summation to cutting costs, enhanced the cult status of the film. [ 27 ] Costume designer Sue Blane was not acute on working for the film, until she became mindful that Curry, an old friend, was committed to the project. Curry and Blane had worked in concert in Glasgow ‘s Citizens Theatre in a production of The Maids, for which Curry had worn a charwoman ‘s corset. Blane arranged for the dramaturgy to loan her the corset from the other production for Rocky Horror. [ 28 ] Blane admits that she did not conduct research for her design, had never seen a science fabrication movie, and is sharply aware that her costumes for Brad and Janet may have been generalizations .

When I designed Rocky, I never looked at any skill fiction movies or comedian books. One equitable automatically knows what spacesuits look like, the lapp way one intuitively knows how Americans dress. I had never been to the United States, but I had this fixed theme of how people looked there. Americans wore polyester so their clothes would n’t crease, and their trousers were a morsel excessively light. Since they ‘re identical cutting on sports, white socks and white T-shirts played an integral separate in their wardrobe. Of course, since doing Rocky I have been to the United States and admit it was a bite of a generalization, but my ideas worked absolutely for Brad and Janet. [ 28 ]

The budget for the film was US $ 1,600,000, far more than the stage product budget, but having to double up on costumes for the film production was expensive. For filming, corsets for the stopping point had to be doubled for the pool fit, with one version drying while the other was worn on dress. While many of the costumes are demand replica from the phase productions, early costumes were new to filming, such as Columbia ‘s gold sequined swallow-tail coat and peak hat and Magenta ‘s maid ‘s uniform. [ 28 ] Blane was amazed by the refreshment and sympathy of her designs by fans. [ 28 ] When she beginning heard that people were dressing up, she thought it would be brassy, but was surprised to see the depth to which the fans went to recreate her designs. Rocky Horror fan Mina Credeur, who designs costumes and performed as Columbia for Houston ‘s operation group, states that “ the best part is when everyone leaves with a big smile on their font, ” noting that there ‘s “ such a kitschiness and campiness that it seems to be winking at you. ” [ 29 ] The film placid plays at many dramaturgy locations and Rocky Horror costumes are often made for Halloween, although many require much clock time and feat to make. [ 30 ]

Title sequence [edit ]

The film starts with the screen fading to black and outsize, discorporate female lips appear overdubbed with a male articulation, [ 27 ] [ 31 ] establishing the subject of androgyny to be repeated as the film unfolds. [ 32 ] The open picture and song, “ Science Fiction/Double feature ”, consists of the lips of Patricia Quinn ( who appears in the film late as the character Magenta and as ‘Trixie the Usherette ‘ in the original London production, where she besides sings the sung ) but has the vocals of actor and Rocky Horror godhead, Richard O’Brien ( who appears as Magenta ‘s brother Riff Raff ). The lyrics refer to science fabrication and repugnance films of the past and number several film titles from the 1930s to the 1960s, including The Day the Earth Stood Still ( 1951 ), Flash Gordon ( 1936 ), The Invisible Man ( 1933 ), King Kong ( 1933 ), It Came from Outer Space ( 1953 ), Doctor X ( 1932 ), Forbidden Planet ( 1956 ), Tarantula ( 1955 ), The Day of the Triffids ( 1962 ), Curse of the Demon ( 1957 ), and When Worlds Collide ( 1951 ). [ 8 ]

music [edit ]

The soundtrack was released in 1975 by Ode Records and produced by English composer Richard Hartley. The album peaked at No. 49 on the U.S. Billboard 200 in 1978. [ 33 ] It reached No. 12 on the australian albums chart [ 34 ] and No. 11 on the New Zealand albums graph. [ 35 ] The album is described as the “ definitive version of the [ Rocky Horror ] score ”. [ 36 ]

release [edit ]

London acquittance poster for 14 August 1975 premier The film opened in the United Kingdom at the Rialto Theatre in London on 14 August 1975 and in the United States on 26 September at the UA Westwood in Los Angeles. [ 37 ] [ 38 ] It did well at that location, but not elsewhere. [ 39 ] Before the midnight screenings ‘ success, the film was withdrawn from its eight open cities due to identical small audiences, and its planned New York City opening on Halloween night was cancelled. [ 40 ] Fox re-released the film around college campuses on a double-bill with another rock ‘n’ roll music film parody, Brian De Palma ‘s Phantom of the Paradise ( 1974 ), but again it drew little audiences. [ 40 ]
Jaws The iconic “ Lips ” bill poster, a parody of the post horse for the 1975 film A second film poster was created using a dress of red, lipstick painted lips with the tagline “ A Different Set of Jaws ”, a spoof of the bill poster for the film Jaws ( which was besides released in 1975 ). [ 27 ] The lips of early Playboy exemplar Lorelei Shark are featured on the poster. [ 41 ] With Pink Flamingos ( 1972 ) and Reefer Madness ( 1936 ) making money in midnight showings nationally, a Fox executive, Tim Deegan, was able to talk distributors into midnight screenings, [ 32 ] starting in New York City on April Fools ‘ Day of 1976. [ 40 ] It was the “ Secret ” movie, on 20 May, in the first Seattle International Film Festival. [ 42 ] The cult following started shortly after the film began its midnight run at the Waverly Theater in New York City, [ 39 ] then spread to other counties in New York, and to Uniondale, Long Island. Rocky Horror was not only found in the larger cities but throughout the United States, where many attendees would get in barren if they arrived in costume. The westerly division of the film ‘s liberation included the U.A. Cinemas in Fresno and Merced, the Cinema J. in Sacramento, the UC Theatre in Berkeley and the Covell in Modesto. In New Orleans, an early form performance group was active with the release there, american samoa well as in such cities as Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Chicago ( at the Biograph Theater ). Before long, closely every screen of the movie was accompanied by a live fan shed .
19 January 1978, opening at the UA Cinema, Merced, California The Rocky Horror Picture Show is considered to be the longest-running handout in film history. [ 5 ] [ 44 ] It benefited from a twentieth Century Fox policy that made archival films available to theatres at any time. [ 45 ] Having never been pulled by twentieth Century Fox from its original 1975 release, it continues to play in cinema. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] After The Walt Disney Company acquired twentieth Century Fox in 2019 and began withdrawing archival Fox movies from theatres to be placed into the Disney Vault, the company made an exception in the case of The Rocky Horror Picture Show to allow the traditional midnight screenings to continue. [ 45 ] [ 48 ]

home media [edit ]

A Super 8 interpretation of selected scenes of the film was made available. [ 49 ] In 1983, Ode Records released “The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Audience Par-Tic-I-Pation Album”, recorded at the 8th Street Playhouse. The recording consisted of the movie ‘s sound recording and the standardize call-backs from the hearing. [ 50 ] A home video recording acquittance was made available in 1987 in the UK. [ 51 ] In the US, the film ( including documentary footage and extras ) was released on VHS on 8 November 1990, retailing for $ 89.95. [ 37 ] The film was released on DVD in 2000 for the film ‘s twenty-fifth anniversary. A thirty-fifth anniversary edition Blu-ray was released by twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment in the US on 19 October 2010. The magnetic disk includes a newly created 7.1 environment heavy shuffle, the original theatrical mono heavy mix, and a 4K /2K image transfer from the original camera negative. In addition, new content featuring karaoke and a winnow performance were included. [ 52 ] A forty-fifth anniversary edition Blu-ray was released in September 2020 by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. [ 53 ] In October 2021, the film was added to Disney+ on the Star hub for users in locations such as the UK, Ireland and Canada. [ 54 ]

reception [edit ]

Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert noted that when first released, The Rocky Horror Picture Show was “ ignored by reasonably much everyone, including the future fanatics who would finally count the hundreds of times they ‘d seen it ”. He considered it more a “ long-running social phenomenon ” than a movie, rate it 2.5 out of 4 stars and describing Curry as “ the best thing in the movie, possibly because he seems to be having the most fun ” but thinking the story would work bettor performed on stage for a survive consultation. [ 55 ] Bill Henkin noted that Variety thought that the “ camp hijinks ” of the film seemed tug, and besides mentioned that the San Francisco Chronicle ‘s John Wasserman, who had liked the stage fun in London, found the film “ lacking both charm and dramatic impact ”. Newsweek, in 1978, called the film “ tasteless, plotless and pointless ”. [ 56 ] Review collector web site Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a military rank of 79 % based on 47 reviews, and an median grad of 6.9/10, with the critical consensus reading “ The Rocky Horror Picture Show brings its far-out characters in tight, but it ‘s the narrative stab that actually drives audiences insane and keeps ’em doing the fourth dimension deflection again ”. [ 57 ] A number of contemporaneous critics find it compelling and enjoyable because of its far-out and bizarre qualities ; the BBC summarised : “ for those bequeath to experiment with something a fiddling moment different, a little bite outré, The Rocky Horror Picture Show has a draw to offer. ” [ 58 ] The New York Times called it a “ low-budget freak out show/cult classic/cultural initiation ” with “ attention-getting ” songs. [ 59 ] Geoff Andrew, of Time Out, noted that the “ string of hummable songs gives it momentum, Gray ‘s admirably straight-faced narrator holds it together, and a test on black lingerie takes wish of about everything else ”, rat it 4 out of 5 stars. [ 60 ] On the early hand, Dave Kehr of the Chicago Reader considered the wit to be “ excessively weak to sustain a movie ” and thought that the “ songs all sound the same ”. [ 61 ] In 2005, the movie was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “ culturally, historically, or aesthetically meaning ”. [ 62 ] [ 63 ]

cult following [edit ]

Origins [edit ]

Dori Hartley and Sal Piro at the Waverly Theatre in New York in 1977 The Rocky Horror Picture Show helped shape conditions of cult film ‘s conversion from art-house to grind-house stylus. [ 64 ] The film developed a cult following in 1976 at the Waverly Theatre in New York, which developed into a standardized ritual. According to J. Hoberman, generator of Midnight Movies, it was after five months into the film ‘s midnight run when lines began to be shouted by the hearing. Louis Farese Jr., a normally quiet teacher, upon seeing the character Janet home a newspaper over her head to protect herself from rain, yelled, “ Buy an umbrella, you cheap gripe. ” in the first place, Louis and early Rocky Horror pioneers, including Amy Lazarus, Theresa Krakauskas, and Bill O’Brian, did this to entertain each other, each week trying to come up with something new to make each other joke. This cursorily caught on with other theatre-goers and thus began this self-proclaimed “ counter distributor point negotiation ”, which became standard practice and was repeated closely verbatim at each screen. [ 9 ] Performance groups became a staple at Rocky Horror screenings due in share to the big New York City fan draw. [ 39 ] The New York City cast was in the first place run by former schoolteacher and stand-up amusing Sal Piro and his acquaintance Dori Hartley, the latter of whom portrayed Dr. Frank N. Furter and was one of several performers, including Will Kohler as Brad Majors, Nora Poses as Janet, and Lilias Piro as Magenta, in a compromising rotate cast. The performances of the audience were scripted and actively discouraged improvise, being conformist in a similar way to the pent-up characters. [ 66 ]
D. Garrett Gafford and Terri Hardin, Tiffany Theater Hollywood, 1978 On Halloween in 1976, people attended in costume and talked back to the shield, and by mid-1978, Rocky Horror was playing in over 50 locations on Fridays and Saturdays at midnight. Newsletters were published by local performance groups, and fans gathered for Rocky Horror conventions. [ 40 ] By the conclusion of 1979, there were twice-weekly showings at over 230 theatres. [ 40 ] The National Fan Club was established in 1977 and late merged with the International Fan Club. The fan publication The Transylvanian printed a act of issues, and a semi-regular poster magazine was published ampere well as an official magazine. [ 64 ] performance groups in the Los Angeles area originated at the Fox Theatre in 1977, where Michael Wolfson won a look-alike contest as Frank N. Furter, and won another at the Tiffany Theater on Sunset Boulevard. Wolfson ‘s group finally performed in all of the L.A. area theatres screening Rocky Horror, including the Balboa Theater in Balboa, The Cove at Hermosa Beach, and The Sands in Glendale. He was invited to perform at the Sombrero Playhouse in Phoenix, Arizona. [ citation needed ] At the Tiffany Theatre, the consultation performance vomit had the field ‘s full cooperation ; the local performers entered early and without charge. The sports fan play Frank for this dramaturgy was a transgender performer, D. Garret Gafford, who was out of work in 1978 and trying to raise the funds for a gender reassignment while spending the weekends performing at the Tiffany. [ 39 ] [ 67 ] Presently, the live action rendition of The Rocky Horror Picture Show is available for attendance in respective locations in Los Angeles, typically Saturday nights at midnight. [ citation needed ]
San Francisco ‘s Strand Theatre, 1979. Linda Woods, Marni Scofidio, Denise Erickson, and Jim Curry By 1978, Rocky Horror had moved from an earlier San Francisco location to the Strand Theatre located near the Tenderloin on Market Street. [ 68 ] The performance group there, Double Feature/Celluloid Jam, was the foremost to act out and perform about the stallion film, unlike the New York draw at that meter. The Strand cast was put in concert from erstwhile members of an early Berkeley group, disbanded due to less than enthusiastic management. Frank N. Furter was portrayed by Marni Scofidio, who, in 1979, attracted many of the older performers from Berkeley. other members included Mishell Erickson as Columbia, her duplicate sister Denise Erickson as Magenta, Kathy Dolan as Janet, and Linda “ Lou ” Woods as Riff Raff. The Strand group performed at two large science fabrication conventions in Los Angeles and San Francisco, were offered a blemish at The Mabuhay, a local anesthetic punk club, and performed for children ‘s television of Argentina. [ 39 ]

bequest [edit ]

annual Rocky Horror conventions are held in varying locations, lasting days. Tucson, Arizona has been host a number of times, including 1999 with “ El Fishnet Fiesta ”, and “ Queens of the Desert ” held in 2006. [ 69 ] Vera Dika wrote that, to the fans, Rocky Horror is ritualistic and comparable to a religious event, with a compulsive, repeated bicycle of going home plate and coming back to see the film each weekend. [ 9 ] The audience call-backs are similar to responses in church during a mass. [ 9 ] Many theatre troupes exist across the United States that produce shadow-cast performances where the actors play each part in the film in broad costume, with props, as the movie plays on the big screen in a movie field. [ 70 ] [ 71 ] O’Brien ‘s Orchestra, once known as the Queerios ( based in Austin, Texas ), is the longest running shadow-cast in Texas. [ 72 ] The film has a global follow and remains democratic. [ 73 ] Subcultures such as Rocky Horror have besides found a place on the Internet. [ 74 ] Audience engagement scripts for many cities are available for download from the internet. [ 27 ] The internet has a number of Rocky Horror fan-run websites with diverse quizzes and information, specializing in different content, allowing fans to participate at a unique level. [ 32 ]

LGBT influence [edit ]

Members of the LGBT residential district comprised a large contribution of the Rocky Horror cult following : they identified with the embrace of sexual dismissal and androgyny, and attended show after appearance, slowly forming a community. Judith A. Peraino compares Brad and Janet ‘s knowledgeability into Frank N. Furter ‘s world to the self-discovery of ‘queer identity ‘, and to the traditional initiation of ‘virgins ‘ in the shadow screenings. [ 75 ] June Thomas describes the midnight screenings in Delaware as a ‘very curious scene, ‘ which increased visibility for the LGBT community : “ The folks standing in line outside the State in fishnets and constitution every Saturday night undoubtedly widened the sphere of possibilities for sex expression on Main Street. ” [ 76 ] [ 77 ] The Rocky Horror Picture Show remains a cultural phenomenon in both the U.S. and U.K. [ 78 ] [ 79 ] Cult film participants are much people on the fringe of society that find connection and community at the screenings, [ 80 ] although the film attracts fans of differing backgrounds all over the populace. [ 81 ] “ bisexuality, The Rocky Horror Picture Show, and Me ”, by Elizabeth Reba Weise, is part of the issue, Bi Any Other Name: Bisexual People Speak Out ( 1991 ), an anthology edited by Loraine Hutchins and Lani Kaʻahumanu [ 82 ] [ 83 ] about the history of the advanced bisexual rights campaign that is one of the foremost publications of bisexual literature. [ 84 ]

cultural influence [edit ]

The Rocky Horror Picture Show has been featured in a count of other feature films and television series over the years. Episodes of The Simpsons, The Venture Bros., Tuca & Bertie, The Boondocks, Glee, The Drew Carey Show, That ’70s Show, Deutschland 86, and American Dad! spotlight Rocky Horror, as cause films such as Vice Squad ( 1982 ), Halloween II ( 2009 ), and The Perks of Being a Wallflower ( 2012 ). [ 37 ] The 1980 film Fame featured the consultation reciting their recall lines to the blind and dancing the Time Warp, [ 85 ] the dance from the stage show and movie, which has become a freshness dance at parties. [ 86 ] Director Rob Zombie cited Rocky Horror as a major influence on his film House of 1000 Corpses ( 2003 ), [ 87 ] while the film ‘s fan culture of cosplaying and consultation participation during screenings laid the foundation for the similarly influential fad following surrounding Tommy Wiseau ‘s The Room ( 2003 ). [ 88 ] [ 89 ] Rocky Horror besides inspired John McPhail ‘s zombi musical Anna and the Apocalypse ( 2018 ). [ 90 ]

sequel [edit ]

In 1979, O’Brien wrote a projected sequel to the movie titled Rocky Horror Shows His Heels. This script would have featured the refund of all of the characters from the original film, and O’Brien wished to largely use the original product team to make the new film ; however, Sharman did not wish to revisit the original concept so directly, and Tim Curry did not wish to reprise his character. [ citation needed ] rather, in 1981, Sharman reunited with O’Brien to film Shock Treatment, a stand-alone feature that was not a send sequel to the original film. [ 2 ] This film was originally conceived and written in 1980 under the title The Brad and Janet Show, using most of the songs from the master undertaking Rocky Horror Shows His Heels with lyric adjustments, and depicting the characters ‘ continuing adventures in the township of Denton ; however, these plans had to be adjusted due to a screen door Actors Guild strike. The eventual production would entail the entire film being shot within a heavy degree. Shock Treatment was ill received by critics and audiences upon passing ( in no little separate due to the star draw of Curry, Sarandon and Bostwick not returning ) but over meter has built a small cult following, though not closely angstrom firm as the first film. [ 91 ] Ten years late, O’Brien wrote another handwriting intended as a direct sequel to the cult classic, ennoble Revenge of the Old Queen. [ 92 ] Producer Michael White had hoped to begin work on the production and described the handwriting as being “ in the lapp expressive style as the early one. It has reflections of the past in it. ” [ 93 ] Revenge of the Old Queen had apparently commenced pre-production ; however, after studio apartment head Joe Roth was ousted from Fox in 1993, the project was shelved indefinitely. Although the script has not been published, bootleg copies can be read on the internet, and one song from the project ‘s original demonstration magnetic tape circulates among fans. The script is presently owned by Fox, which produced the two original films. Most individuals associated with the plan, including O’Brien, agree that the film will credibly never be made, owing to the failure of Shock Treatment and the age of the original cast. [ 94 ] between 1999 and 2001, O’Brien was working on a third base try sequel project with the working title Rocky Horror: The Second Coming, [ 95 ] first to be made as a stage product, with an choice to create a film if met with success. This script would largely integrate plot elements from Rocky Horror Shows His Heels, but with all-new songs. O’Brien completed a foremost draft of this script ( which was read by Terry Jones [ 96 ] ) but had difficulties finalising anything beyond the inaugural act, and little more has been heard of this project since the mid-2000s. [ citation needed ] In spring 2015, O’Brien produced Shock Treatment for the theatrical stage with a premiere at the King ‘s Head Theatre in Islington, London. [ 97 ] [ 98 ]

Remake [edit ]

“ The Rocky Horror Glee Show “ aired on 26 October 2010, as part of the second season of the television serial Glee —and recreated several scenes from the movie, including the opening credits. It featured Barry Bostwick and Meat Loaf in cameo roles. [ 99 ] An EP album covering seven songs from the movie was released on 19 October 2010. [ 100 ] On 10 April 2015, the Fox Network announced it would air a contemporary reimagining of the film, titled The Rocky Horror Picture Show: Let’s Do the Time Warp Again. [ 101 ] [ 102 ] On 22 October 2015, Fox announced that the character of Dr. Frank N. Furter would be played by transgender actress Laverne Cox. [ 103 ] Ryan McCartan played Brad, aboard Victoria Justice as Janet, with Reeve Carney as Riff Raff and singer/model Staz Nair as Rocky. [ 104 ] Adam Lambert portrays Eddie. [ 105 ] Tim Curry, who portrayed Dr. Frank N. Furter in the original film, portrays the Criminologist. [ 106 ] On 1 February 2016, the network announced that Broadway veteran Annaleigh Ashford would portray Columbia. [ 107 ] On 5 February 2016, Ben Vereen joined the hurl as Dr. Everett von Scott. [ 108 ] Kenny Ortega, best known for the High School Musical franchise and Michael Jackson’s This Is It ( 2009 ) directed, choreographed and executive-produced the remake ; Lou Adler, who was an executive producer of the original film, has the like function for the raw film, which premiered on Fox on 20 October 2016. [ 109 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

bibliography [edit ]

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