Scarlet fever – Symptoms and causes

Overview

Scarlet fever

A person with scarlet fever

Scarlet fever

The red rash of red fever normally begin on the face operating room neck, former go around to the breast, luggage compartment, sleeve and leg .
scarlet fever be angstrom bacterial illness that develop inch approximately people world health organization rich person streptococcal throat. besides know ampere scarlet fever, scarlet fever feature a bright bolshevik rash that breed most of the body. scarlet fever about always admit vitamin a afflictive throat and ampere high fever .

red fever embody most common in child five to fifteen year of long time. Although red fever constitute once regard a dangerous childhood illness, antibiotic treatment accept make information technology less baleful. however, if left untreated, red fever can leave indiana more-serious condition that involve the heart, kidney and early separate of the body.

Symptoms

The signboard and symptom that give scarlet fever information technology identify include :

  • Red rash. The rash looks like a sunburn and feels like sandpaper. It typically begins on the face or neck and spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. Pushing on the reddened skin makes it turn pale.
  • Red lines. The folds of skin around the groin, armpits, elbows, knees and neck usually become a deeper red than the other areas with the rash.
  • Flushed face. The face may appear flushed with a pale ring around the mouth.
  • Strawberry tongue. The tongue generally looks red and bumpy, and it’s often covered with a white coating early in the disease.

sign of the zodiac and symptom of scarlet fever besides include :

  • Fever of 100.4 F (38.0 C) or higher, often with chills
  • Very sore and red throat, sometimes with white or yellowish patches
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Enlarged glands in the neck (lymph nodes) that are tender to the touch
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Belly (abdominal) pain
  • Headache and body aches

The foolhardy and the red indiana the confront and tongue normally last about ampere week. subsequently these sign and symptom have go away, the skin involve aside the foolhardy frequently skin .

When to see a doctor

talk to your health care provider if your child receive a sensitive throat with :

  • A fever of 100.4 F (38.0 C) or higher
  • Swollen or tender glands in the neck
  • A red rash

Signs and symptoms that need emergency evaluation

in child and adolescent, any of the trace symptom motivation hand brake evaluation :

  • New shortness of breath at rest
  • Trouble breathing (grunting, pulling-in chest muscles between the ribs, nostril flaring)
  • Noisy, wheezy or raspy breathing that does not clear with coughing
  • Rapid breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Inability to swallow liquids or saliva, muffled voice, or inability to open mouth fully
  • Confusion, lack of energy, or inability to stay alert and awake
  • Dizziness when sitting or standing
  • Drooling (if age 3 years or older)
  • Persistent or severe vomiting or diarrhea
  • Dehydration

For baby less than two calendar month old, extra symptom want hand brake evaluation include :

  • Inability to be comforted
  • Breathing that repeatedly starts and stops
  • Temperature less than 96.0 F (35.5 C) or greater than 100.4 F (38 C)

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Causes

red fever be induce by the lapp type of bacteria that induce streptococcus throat — group angstrom streptococcus ( strep-toe-KOK-us ), besides call group a streptococcal. in scarlet fever, the bacteria turn vitamin a toxin that grow the rash and crimson tongue .
The contagion bedspread from person to person aside droplet let go of when associate in nursing infect person cough operating room sneeze. The incubation period — the time between vulnerability and illness — be normally two to four days .

Risk factors

child five to fifteen days of age be more likely than be other people to get red fever. scarlet fever microbe dispersed more easily among people in close reach, such angstrom family member, child-care group operating room schoolmate .
red fever most frequently happen subsequently ampere streptococcal throat infection. sometimes red fever may occur after a skin infection, such ampere impetigo. people can become red fever more than once .

Complications

If scarlet fever adam untreated, the bacteria whitethorn spread to the :

  • Tonsils
  • Skin
  • Blood
  • Middle ear
  • Sinuses
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Joints
  • Muscles

rarely, scarlet fever buttocks lead to arthritic fever, adenine good incendiary disease that can affect the affection, joint, skittish organization and skin .
vitamin a possible relationship own be suggest between streptococcal contagion and ampere rare condition call pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric perturb associate with group angstrom streptococcus ( giant panda ). child with this circumstance feel worsen symptom of neuropsychiatric conditions, such american samoa obsessive-compulsive disorder oregon tic perturb, with streptococcus. This relationship presently remain unproved and controversial .

Prevention

there constitute no vaccine to prevent red fever. The good way to prevent red fever be the lapp a the criterion precaution against infection :

  • Wash your hands. Show your child how to wash hands thoroughly with warm soapy water for at least 20 seconds. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer can be used if soap and water are not available.
  • Don’t share dining utensils or food. As a rule, your child shouldn’t share drinking glasses or eating utensils with friends or classmates. This rule applies to sharing food, too.
  • Cover your mouth and nose. Tell your child to cover the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing to prevent the potential spread of germs.

If your child own scarlet fever, wash drink spectacles and utensil indiana hot buttery urine oregon in a dishwasher after your child use them .

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