Esophageal Stent Procedure

What is an esophageal stent procedure?

In an esophageal stent operation, a tube is placed in your esophagus ( throat ) to keep open a forget area. The tube helps you swallow solids and liquids .
Your esophagus is the muscular tube connecting the back of your mouthpiece to your digest. When you swallow, the muscles of your esophagus contract. They propel food into your stomach .
many health problems can partially block a parcel of your esophagus. That can make it hard to swallow. The checkup term for this is dysphagia. You might have pain when you swallow or feel like food is getting stuck in your thorax. The food might come back up after you swallow. An esophageal stent can help reopen your freeze esophagus and ease symptoms .
The procedure might take position under general anesthesia or conscious sedation. If it takes station under general anesthesia, you will sleep through the routine and feel no annoyance. If it takes position under conscious sedation, you will get medicines to make you relaxed and sleepy. The surgeon may numb the area under surgery sol that you won ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate feel much pain.

During the operation, the surgeon places a long, thinly tube ( catheter ) down the back of your talk and into your esophagus. future, the surgeon places a folded-up hollow tube ( stent ) over the catheter in the decline position across the blockage. The stent expands against the walls of your esophagus, giving support. then the surgeon removes the catheter and leaves the stent in identify .

Why might I need an esophageal stent procedure?

You might need an esophageal stent for a number of health problems. traditionally, healthcare providers have most often use esophageal stents to treat esophageal cancer. That is still the most park reason. But these stents are besides used to treat :

  • Cancer of the top part of the stomach
  • Narrowing of the esophagus as it’s pushed from the outside by a cancer (such as lung cancer) or enlarged lymph nodes
  • Narrowing of the esophagus from an ulcer
  • Narrowing of the esophagus from radiation treatment
  • Abnormal opening between the trachea (wind pipe) and esophagus
  • A hole in the esophagus

Any of these health problems can cause dysphagia. Dysphagia is serious because it can lead to inhalation. During aspiration, you inhale food and stomach contents into your lungs. That can lead to complications like pneumonia. Dysphagia besides lowers your choice of life. An esophageal stent can help ease these problems .
evening if you have esophageal cancer, you may not need an esophageal stent. In some cases, your healthcare supplier may be able to treat your cancer with operating room or chemotherapy rather. If these therapies won ’ t exercise for you, an esophageal stent may be another option. In other cases, a gastrostomy pipe or jejunostomy metro might make more sense for you. These tubes go directly from your outer abdomen to your stomach or small intestine. Talk with your healthcare supplier about all your treatment choices .

What are the risks of an esophageal stent procedure?

Esophageal stent procedures are relatively safe. But they do sometimes cause problems subsequently. These might include :

  • Pain in the esophagus
  • Bleeding (usually mild)
  • New hole in the esophagus (rare)
  • Movement of the stent
  • Tumor growth into the stent
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD or heartburn)

There is besides a risk that you will need a reprise procedure because of one of these complications. Your own risks may vary based on the nature of your esophageal problem, your other health problems, and the type of stent used. Talk with your healthcare supplier about all your concerns.

How do I get ready for an esophageal stent procedure?

talk with your healthcare provider about what you should do to get quick. You may have to stop consume and drinking the night before your procedure. Follow your healthcare supplier ’ second instructions about what medicines to take or not take advance. Don ’ triiodothyronine break taking any medicine unless he or she tells you to do so. plan to have person available to drive you base subsequently .
Tell your healthcare provider about the follow :

  • Any allergies or past problems with anesthesia
  • Any new health problems, like a recent fever
  • If you are pregnant or might be pregnant
  • All medicines you take including prescriptions and over-the-counter medicines and supplements

Your healthcare provider might order some tests before your procedure. These might include a barium swallow test. It can give more information about the human body of your esophagus. Just before the operation, you may receive an IV. It can deliver medicine to you during the routine .

What happens during an esophageal stent procedure?

Your healthcare supplier can let you know what to expect. The details of your operation may differ reasonably. It will normally take around an hour. In general, you can expect the play along :

  • If you are having conscious sedation, medicine will be given through an IV to make you feel sleepy and relaxed during the procedure. You may also have a numbing medicine put on the back of your throat. You may not remember the procedure afterward.
  • If you are having general anesthesia, medicine will be given through an IV to make you sleep deeply and painlessly.
  • During the procedure, your heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs will be carefully watched. If needed, you might get extra oxygen. Your healthcare provider may use continuous X-ray images to view the procedure. In other cases, he or she might use a long, thin device with a small camera (endoscope).
  • The healthcare provider will slowly put a catheter through your mouth and into your esophagus.
  • The provider will move the folded-up esophageal stent over the catheter to the blockage site. The stent is often made of metal or plastic. It will then open up against the wall of the esophagus.
  • After the procedure has been completed, the provider will remove the catheter from your esophagus. The stent will stay in place.

What happens after an esophageal stent procedure?

typically, esophageal stent placement is an outpatient operation. You will stay for a few hours subsequently while your vital signs are watched. Make sure person is there to drive you home. You will need to take it easy for the rest of the day. In other cases, you may need to stay at the hospital overnight.

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You may have some discomfort after your routine. But it normally doesn ’ thyroxine final longer than a day or two. You can have over-the-counter pain medicines if you need them .
Your healthcare supplier will give you specific instructions about when you can eat and drink again. He or she may besides give you other specific instructions about your recovery. Continue to follow up regularly. Let your healthcare provider know properly away about any raw problems, like fever or acid ( gastroesophageal ) ebb. You might need a modern procedure because of a complication, such as food blockage of the stent or stent apparent motion .

Next steps

Before you agree to the test or the procedure make certain you know :

  • The name of the test or procedure
  • The reason you are having the test or procedure
  • What results to expect and what they mean
  • The risks and benefits of the test or procedure
  • What the possible side effects or complications are
  • When and where you are to have the test or procedure
  • Who will do the test or procedure and what that person’s qualifications are
  • What would happen if you did not have the test or procedure
  • Any alternative tests or procedures to think about
  • When and how will you get the results
    Who to call after the test or procedure if you have questions or problems
  • How much will you have to pay for the test or procedure
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