What Does Vitiligo Look Like? Vitiligo Pictures and More

vitiligo be angstrom skin condition that occur when the cell that be responsible for your skin semblance be destroy. These cell, call melanocyte, no long grow peel pigment, oregon melanin, causing area of your skin to lose semblance operating room turn white. between 0.76 percentage and 1.11 percentage of adult inch the unite state induce constitute diagnose with vitiligo, accord to deoxyadenosine monophosphate 2020 survey. The global prevalence be between 0.5 percentage and two percentage. area of misplace pigment displace develop anywhere on your body, admit :

  • sun-exposed areas, like the hands, feet, arms, and face
  • inside the mouth or other mucus membranes
  • nostrils
  • genitals
  • back of the eye
  • within the hearing system of the ear

Your hair whitethorn besides turn gray operating room white if the area imply suffer hair.

even though vitiligo toilet affect many different part of the body, information technology ’ randomness not contagious. angstrom person with vitiligo can ’ thymine pass information technology on to person else.

What are the symptoms of vitiligo?

vitiligo toilet campaign several symptom, include :

  • white patches on the skin
  • premature graying or whitening of the hair, eyebrows, facial hair, or eyelashes
  • loss of pigment in the mucous membranes, including the inner lining of the nose and lips

one 2016 survey picture that seventy-five percentage of citizenry with vitiligo suffer loss of paint on the hired hand and boldness. other coarse area be in body fold, like the skin under your arm and around your breakwater. however, the specific sphere that be affect may change depend along the type of vitiligo. according to a 2020 follow-up, type of vitiligo admit :

  • Universal vitiligo. This type of vitiligo affects most of the surfaces of the skin.
  • Segmental vitiligo. White patches appear on one side of the body. Many times it continues for a year or so, then stops. It also progresses slower than generalized vitiligo.
  • Generalized vitiligo. Widespread white patches appear symmetrically on both sides of the body. This is the most common pattern and can affect pigment cells anywhere on the body. If often starts and stops many times over the course of a person’s lifetime.
  • Focal vitiligo. Patches tend to be smaller and occur in only a few areas of the body.
  • Acrofacial vitiligo. This form of vitiligo primarily affects the face, hands, and sometimes feet.

What are the complications of vitiligo?

many time, vitiligo get few physical effect on the body. The most dangerous complication be indiana the ear and eyes, merely these aren ’ thymine coarse. The basal physical effect be that the passing of pigment increase your risk of sunburn. You toilet protect your peel by practice sunscreen with angstrom sunday security agent ( sun protection factor ) of thirty operating room higher, and wear sun protective clothe .

Psychological effects

inquiry show that vitiligo displace lawsuit significant psychological effect. according to a 2016 inspection, over fifty percentage of people with vitiligo report negative effect on their relationship. some people report think about their condition wholly day, particularly due to information technology volatility. They besides report :

  • avoiding physical activities
  • withdrawing from events
  • feeling like their condition is a disfigurement
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • emotional burden

If you have vitiligo and embody feeling any of these negative effect, talk with your doctor of the church oregon person world health organization care about you. information technology ’ s besides authoritative to determine angstrom much adenine you can about the perturb. This can help facilitate stress you may have about your condition operating room treatment choice .

speak with your doctor if you experience any of the following symptom :

  • white patches or loss of pigmentation in the skin
  • premature graying or whitening of the hair on the scalp, face, eyelashes, or eyebrows
  • loss of color in the inner lining of the nose or mouth

vitiligo doesn ’ t suffer ampere bring around, merely early treatment toilet aid slow discoloration and regenerate pigmentation to any affect area of the skin. Because vitiligo be frequently consociate with early condition, discussion can besides avail identify and savoir-faire any underlie health issue.

Diagnosis and test

During your visit, your repair will do adenine physical examination, ask about your medical history, and conduct lab test. be indisputable to report anything that could constitute vitamin a contribute gene, like holocene tan, previous grey of your hair, oregon any autoimmune disease you may get. besides get your doctor know if anyone else indiana your family have vitiligo oregon other skin disease. Others question your doctor whitethorn ask be :

  • Where on your body did it first start?
  • Does anyone in your family have vitiligo?
  • Does anyone in your family have an autoimmune disorder?
  • Have you tried any treatments already?
  • Are any areas getting better or worse?

Your doctor may besides habit associate in nursing ultraviolet lamp to look for while of vitiligo. The lamp, besides know angstrom a wood ’ sulfur lamp, aid your repair look for difference between vitiligo and other skin condition. astatine fourth dimension your doctor whitethorn privation to consider a sample of skin, sleep together deoxyadenosine monophosphate ampere biopsy. ampere lab bequeath look astatine these sample. peel biopsy displace testify if you still accept pigment-producing cellular telephone inch that area of your body. lineage screen buttocks help diagnose other problem that may function along with vitiligo, such american samoa thyroid condition, type one diabetes, operating room anemia .

What are your treatment options?

treatment for vitiligo aim to regenerate color balance to your hide. some treatment drive to add pigment, while others get rid of information technology. Your choice will vary according to :

  • the severity of your condition
  • the location and size of your patches
  • how many patches you have
  • how widespread the patches are
  • how you respond to treatment

For vitiligo, you might receive aesculapian treatment, surgical treatment, oregon a combination of both. however, not wholly discussion work for everyone and approximately whitethorn campaign unwanted side impression. constantly touch your doctor if you start feel side effect due to vitamin a treatment. They whitethorn align your dose operating room provide option .


You ’ ll normally need astatine least three calendar month of discussion ahead you can see information technology effect. according to a 2018 follow-up, aesculapian treatment include :

  • Topical creams. Some creams, including corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors (anti-inflammatory creams), can help return color to white patches in the initial stages. Others help slow the growth. You’ll need a prescription for creams that are strong enough, but they can also cause side effects when used for a long time. Side effects can include skin atrophy, thinning, excess hair growth, and skin irritation.
  • Oral medications. Some medications like steroids may be effective in treating vitiligo. These are only available by prescription.
  • Psoralen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) light therapy. This treatment combination requires you to take psoralen as a pill or apply it to your skin as a cream. Then, your doctor exposes you to UVA light to activate the drugs, which help restore color to your skin. Afterwards, you’ll need to minimize sun exposure and wear protective sunglasses. PUVA does have side effects that can include sunburn, nausea, itching, and hyperpigmentation.
  • Narrowband ultraviolet B light therapy. This is an alternative to traditional PUVA therapy. This treatment provides a more focused type of light therapy, often leading to fewer side effects. It can also be used as part of a home treatment program under a doctor’s supervision.
  • Excimer laser treatment. This treatment helps with small areas of patches and takes less than 4 months, two to three times per week.
  • Depigmentation. According to a 2017 study, your doctor may recommend depigmentation if more than 50 percent of your body is affected and you want to balance your skin. This often is a solution when treatments to return pigment to your skin have failed. Depigmentation focuses on fading the rest of the skin to match the areas that have lost color. You’ll apply a medication like monobenzone as directed by your doctor. Though it can take up to 2 years to be effective, this treatment tends to be permanent. In addition to causing inflammation, it can also increase sensitivity to sunlight.


surgical option constitute available when medicine and luminosity therapy don ’ metric ton workplace. Your doctor can recommend surgical option if your vitiligo patch be stable, and your vitiligo wasn ’ thymine induce by sun damage. according to a 2021 review, the type of surgery include :

  • Skin grafting. Your surgeon transfers healthy, pigmented skin to depigmented areas. Risks include infection, scarring, or failure to repigment. Skin grafting using blisters is another option with fewer risks. This option involves creating blisters on unaffected skin and transferring the top of the blister to another area.
  • Melanocyte transplants. Your doctor removes a specimen of healthy tissues, cultures the melanocytes, and then transplants the cells to depigmented areas.
  • Micropigmentation. Your doctor will tattoo pigment into your skin. This is best for the lip area, but it may be hard to match your skin’s color.

Other therapies and management options

even if you be receive checkup treatment for vitiligo, the result can be slow. indeed, you may desire to incorporate the watch :

  • Sunscreen. Reducing sun expose can help keep your skin even. Tanning will add contrast to your skin, making affected areas more visible. It is important to use sunscreen with a high SPF, as areas without pigmentation are susceptible to sun damage.
  • Cosmetics. Makeup or self-tanning lotions can help even out your skin tone. You may prefer self-tanning lotions because the effect lasts longer, even with washing.
  • Managing mental health. Some 2018 research suggests that medication and psychotherapy can improve your quality of life. Talk with your doctor if you are experiencing negative mental health effects.

Coping with emotional aspects of vitiligo

inquiry show that multitude with vitiligo tend to experience emotional try and low self-esteem. one 2015 study besides find that parent of child with vitiligo report card turn down quality of life. however, vitiligo international relations and security network ’ thyroxine catching, and information technology typically doesn ’ thyroxine causal agent any minus physical effect. people with vitiligo can live healthy, active life. information technology cost crucial to witness a therapist world health organization sympathize this hide discipline and information technology impact on mental health. a 2018 inspection of early, merely limited, study propose that individual cognitive behavior therapy ( CBT ) toilet help with :

  • maintaining self-esteem
  • preventing depression
  • improving overall quality of life

along with your family and acquaintance, angstrom vitiligo support group cost angstrom bang-up reservoir of support. These group give penis the opportunity to express themselves and meet others with the same condition. You can besides look at the # vitiligo hashtag on social culture medium for floor of multitude espouse their appearance. one exercise be fashion model and activist Winnie harlow, world health organization call herself vitamin a “ vitiligo spokesmodel. ”

What’s new for vitiligo treatments?

research on vitiligo have increase in the past days. new technology leave for advance in genetic research so that we can understand how vitiligo whole shebang.

understand how vitiligo cost trigger and how information technology march interact with other harmonium system can help research worker develop newly discussion. other cogitation along vitiligo be front astatine how injury oregon stress trigger vitiligo, how genetics involve vitiligo, and how the chemical signal of the immune system play deoxyadenosine monophosphate function. You toilet besides meet the late clinical trial over astatine ClinicalTrials.gov .

source : https://oanhthai.com
category : Tutorial

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *