Reading: Repunched Mint Marks: What To Look For, How Much They’re Worth, And How These Error Coins Are Different From Dual Mintmarks, Over Mintmarks & Doubled Dies
Do you have any mistake coins with repunched mint marks ?
I ’ ve got a 1957 repunched mintmark wheat penny, and it ’ south one of my front-runner old error pennies. While repunched batch marks ( or RPMs ) are possibly most commonly found on old Lincoln wheat pennies, these errors can be found on coins from all denominations .
hera ’ s a list of the crown 50 Lincoln pennies with repunched mint marks .
What Is A Mintmark?
precisely in sheath you ’ ve stumbled upon this article but don ’ thyroxine know what a mintmark is… A mintmark is a bantam letter ( or letters) on a coin that indicate which United States Mint facility made that coin .
hera ’ mho everything you could possibly want to know about U.S. mint marks .
What Is A Repunched Mintmark?
Until the 1990s, United States Mint officials individually stamped the mintmark onto working coin dies — rather of the master die, as is done these days. Repunched mint marks are made when the letter punch leaves 2 impressions at different angles or slightly different locations:
- In most cases, the 2 mint mark impressions are overlapping or touching in some way.
- In rare cases, the mint marks are in 2 separate, distinct locations.
How Repunched Mint Marks Occur
Wondering why a mintmark would have been punched twice on a mint ? There are 5 different ways that a mintmark would ’ ve been punched doubly during the normal minting process:
- The mintmark punch wasn’t held perfectly vertical to the die, causing the punch to skip and leave another impression.
- A mintmark that wasn’t positioned correctly was partially removed and was replaced with another mintmarked punched in its place.
- The letter punch was struck onto the die twice to help enhance mintmark detail, but the second blow wasn’t in precisely the same location as the first.
- The punch ricocheted off the surface of the die, making a second, lighter impression.
- The secondary mintmark was punched to correct a mispositioned first punch.
For the record, you won ’ thymine find any repunched mint marks on coins after 1989. This video explains why :
Repunched Mint Marks vs. Doubled Dies
While error coins with repunched mintmarks may exhibit the mintmark doubly on the coin, these are NOT doubled die coins. Why not ? Because a double die specifically refers to a variety created when the hub (which imparts a design on the die) makes 2 impressions on the die at slightly different angles.
so, doubled dies and repunched mintmarks are not the same kind of error coins.
Repunched Mintmarks vs. Over Mintmarks
Some folks may think repunched mintmarks are synonymous with overmintmarks ( or OMMs ). But the 2 are in truth quite different types of error varieties :
- A repunched mintmark error coin exhibits the same mintmark twice. This could be, say, a “D” or “S” — struck twice, and in 2 slightly different locations or angles.
- An over mintmark occurs when one mintmark is struck over a different mintmark from another mint. This is exhibited in an error — such as a “D” mintmark from Denver over an “S” mintmark from San Francisco.
Repunched Mint Marks vs. Dual Mint Marks
Some coin enthusiasts besides recognize double mintmarks ( or DMMs ). A double mintmark variety is an mistake mint in which 2 different mint marks from 2 different mints are physically separated from each other on the coin.
Repunched mintmarks, over mintmarks, and dual mintmarks are all scarce error coins. The most common of these are repunched mintmarks, followed by over mintmarks, and then dual mintmarks. In most cases, double mint marks are among the scarcest of these varieties .
How To Identify Repunched Mintmark Error Coins
If you ’ re looking closely adequate through a fortune of previous coins, you ’ ll probably find some coins with repunched mint marks. And you can surely find many coins with repunched mintmarks in your everyday scoop change — but you ’ ve got to look cautiously. A repunched mintmark international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine always obvious at first glance. however, if you use a magnify glass with 5x or 10x power and cautiously inspect the mint marks on your coins, you ’ re constipate to finally find those that have been punched incorrectly… or more than once !
What to look for
- One of the keys to looking for repunched mint marks on coins is to check around the edges and inside loops of the mint marks for any signs of raised metal that wouldn’t ordinarily be there.
- And don’t forget to also look for the tiniest of variations in the mintmark.
There are plenty to be found ! … In fact, there are more than 1,500 attributed and cataloged repunched mintmarks among lincoln cents alone. The average novice taking a spirit at any of those Lincoln cents with the naked eye would be distressed to identify where and how each variety is a repunched mintmark — because most repunched mintmark varieties exhibit relatively minor differences from “ regular ” coins. That ’ mho why it’s important to really know the series you’re most interested in — be it Lincoln pennies, Morgan dollars, or something else. Most mint serial hold a overplus of exciting varieties, but you ’ ve got to know what to look for. The lapp holds true for coins with mintmark errors. You ’ ve got to understand what a repunched mintmark looks like and begin looking at unlike examples of varieties to actually know how to collect these aplomb error coins.
Repunched mintmark locations
You ’ ve besides got to understand some of the basic terminology in the kingdom of repunched mint marks. For model, most enthusiasts will describe the location of the secondary coil letter punch using the geographic orientation course terminology of “ union, ” “ south, ” “ east, ” and “ west. ” here ’ s how it works… first you’ve got to be looking straight on at the obverse (heads side) or reverse (tails side) of the coin — with the design oriented upright.
then, look at the mintmark :
- If the repunched (secondary) mintmark is above the primary mintmark, its position is north.
- If the secondary mintmark is below the primary mintmark, then its position is south.
- A secondary mintmark to the right of the primary mintmark is in an east position.
- When the secondary mintmark is to the left of the primary mintmark, it’s in a west position.
NOTE: Repunched mintmark specialists besides use terms such as northwest, northeasterly, southwest, and southeasterly to describe junior-grade batch marks that are shifted to a corner of the primary coil mintmark ’ south localization .
Repunched Mintmark Error Coin Values
It ’ south pretty difficult to peg down values for repunched mintmark coins. You see, “ regular ” coins such as normal Lincoln pennies, Kennedy one-half dollars, and silver dollars are regularly traded — and the values of these coins are relatively easy to determine because market data is frequently updated and widely shared. But repunched mintmark coin values are error coins that represent a identical small act of the full coins traded and sold. many repunched mintmarks are relatively common, while others are scarcer. To give you some ballpark figures, here ’ s a summation on general repunched mintmark values for various types of coins:
- Indian Head penny — $75+
- Lincoln penny — $3 to $10+
- Buffalo nickel — $8 to $20+
- Jefferson nickel — $5 to $15+
- Barber dime — $30+
- Mercury dime — $5+
- Roosevelt dime — $5+
- Standing Liberty quarter — $75+
- Washington quarter — $15+
- Walking Liberty half dollar — $75+
- Franklin half dollar — $35+
- Kennedy half dollar — $10
- Morgan dollar — $50 to 150+
- Peace dollar — $75+
- Eisenhower dollar — $50+
As you ’ five hundred guess, the values for repunched mintmark error coins listed above are merely representative general figures. Your coins with sealed mintmark errors may be worth more or less — count on the condition of the coin and other factors. broadly speaking, the more dramatic the repunched mintmark, or the greater separation between the primary and secondary mint marks, the more your error coin is worth. Must read: 5 Ways To Find Rare Coins In Circulation & Make Serious Money With Pocket Change
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I ’ m the Coin Editor here at TheFunTimesGuide. My love for coins began when I was 11 years old. I chiefly collect and study U.S. coins produced during the twentieth century. I ’ m a extremity of the American Numismatic Association ( ANA ) and the Numismatic Literary Guild ( NLG ) and have won multiple awards from the NLG for my ferment as a coin journalist. I ’ m besides the editor program at the Florida United Numismatists Club ( FUN Topics magazine ), and author of Images of America : The United States Mint in Philadelphia ( a bible that explores the colorful history of the Philadelphia Mint ). I ’ ve contributed hundreds of articles for assorted coin publications including neologism, The Numismatist, Numismatic News, Coin Dealer Newsletter, Coin Values, and CoinWeek. I ’ ve authored about 1,000 articles hera at The Fun Times Guide to Coins ( many of them with over 50K shares ), and I welcome your coin questions in the comments below !
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