Woodchuck/Groundhog

Overview

When Ohio was first settled, groundhogs, besides known as woodchucks ( Marmota monax ), were a rare spy. however, as Ohio ’ south forested land was cleared for agricultural production, the total of groundhogs increased. today, groundhogs can be found in all of Ohio ’ s 88 counties equally well as throughout most of North America. Groundhogs are prevailing in the flaxen annoy territory of east-central Ohio .
Groundhogs must put on a thick level of fatten to survive their hibernation through the winter months. In the early fall, groundhogs begin to ready themselves for hibernation by spending most of their fourth dimension eating. hibernation comes to an conclusion as the first base warm days of give arrive. This is when the groundhog will see, or not see, its trace ( according to legend ) !
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Description

The head of a groundhog is broad and flatcar with modest ears and eyes. The coarse fur is normally grizzled grey brown with a red casting. The legs and feet are typically blue brown to black colored and are well suited for digging. Unlike the dark yellow colored incisors of other rodents, the groundhog ‘s incisors are white to bone white.

Reproduction

immediately after coming out of hibernation the male seeks a checkmate. After mating with one female, the male will normally search for other females to copulate with. Some males will stay at the burrow web site until the female drives him off concisely before she gives birth to her young. Breeding season lasts from March-May and gestation lasts 31-32 days. The young are born from April-early June .
The naked, pink, and helpless newborn groundhogs weigh about 1.5 ounces. In the surveil few weeks the youthful will grow quickly. Litter sizes range from 2-7, but dwell of 4-5 young on average. When the young are 9/11 weeks old, the hideout will be overcrowded and the female will drive them off into nearby burrows, but she will continue to care for them. She will guide them in their exploitation until they leave the territory to create territories of their own.

Habitat & Behavior

Groundhogs live in open grasslands, pastures, and woodlands where it is easy to see predators such as man, hawk, or coyotes coming. Groundhogs prefer flaxen, badly territory possibly because it is easier to dig in. Burrows can be located in forested areas, along heavy fencerow brush, or along undisturbed stream banks. The entrance to the burrow normally has a large mound of dirt around it. It is normally forked with more than one entrance and several passages or rooms. Some burrows have had over 45 feet on tunnels going five feet beneath the surface. The rooms or chambers of a burrow are used for different purposes. There are normally sleeping, nest, and body waste chambers.

Groundhogs typically eat grasses, clover, alfalfa, soybeans, peas, lettuce, apples, and, rarely, animal matter, such as snails and insects .

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